Foreign relations of Nagorno-Karabakh

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The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) is a republic with limited recognition in the South Caucasus. Nagorno-Karabakh Republic controls most of the territory of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and some of the surrounding area.[1] It is recognized by only three other non-UN member states, Abkhazia,[2] South Ossetia[2] and Transnistria.[2][3] The rest of the international community recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as part of Azerbaijan. In November 2012, a member of Uruguay's foreign relations committee stated that his country could recognize Nagorno-Karabakh's independence.[4] In 2012 the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state, called upon the Australian government to recognise Nagorno-Karabakh.[5]

At the present, no diplomatic missions of other countries exist in Nagorno-Karabakh. On the other hand, the Republic has built a small network of representative offices around the world. Currently it has representative offices in 7 countries.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The NKR Ministry of foreign affairs in Stepanakert

Foreign policy of the state is governed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The Ministry is based in Stepanakert. Currently, the Minister is Karen Mirzoyan.

Bilateral relations


Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Abkhazia recognized each other. Formal diplomatic relations have probably not been established between the two countries.


Nagorno-Karabakh has very close relations with Armenia. It functions as a de facto part of Armenia.[6][7][8][9][10][11] A representative office of Nagorno-Karabakh was established in Yerevan.


Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Transnistria recognized each other. While they have probably not established formal diplomatic relations, there are many joint activities between the two countries. In 2001, both countries in Stepanakert signed the Protocol on Cooperation and Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Transnistria and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nagorno-Karabakh.[12]

United States

United States has not established diplomatic relations with the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and recognizes it as part of Azerbaijan. Support for Nagorno-Karabakh in the United States is manifested above all at the state legislature level. Several of them have adopted NKR support resolutions. In May 2012, the Rhode Island House of Representatives in the United States passed a resolution calling on President Barack Obama and the U.S. Congress to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. On August 2012, the Massachusetts House of Representatives passed a similar resolution.[13] In April 2013, the Maine House of Representatives and Senate in the United States passed a resolution accepting Nagorno Karabakh's independence and urging President Barack Obama to also accept Nagorno Karabakh's independence.[14] In May 2013, the Louisiana State Senate in the United States passed a resolution accepting Nagorno Karabakh's independence and expressed support for the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic's efforts to develop as a free and independent nation.[15] In May 2014, the California State Assembly passed a measure recognizing Nagorno-Karabakh's independence with a 70-1 vote.[16] The measure also calls for President Barack Obama and the U.S. Congress to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.[17] Nagorno-Karabakh Republic has established a representative office in Washington, D.C.

International organisation participation

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is a member of one international organization, the Community for Democracy and Human Rights, also commonly known as the Commonwealth of Unrecognized States.

Participation in international sports federations

The Nagorno-Karabakh Football Association is a member of Confederation of Independent Football Associations. Nagorno-Karabakh participated on 2014 ConIFA World Football Cup in Sweden.

See also


  1. "Official website of the President of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic. General Information about NKR". 1 January 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", - сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." - сказал он."
  3. "In detail: The foreign policy of Pridnestrovie". Pridnestrovie. 2010-05-26. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
  4. "Uruguay may be the first to recognize Karabakh- Uruguay Deputy". Arka News Agency. 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2013-01-02. Uruguay may be the first country to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’s independence...
  5. "Full Day Hansard Transcript". Parliament of New South Wales. 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2012-11-14. ...calls on the Commonwealth Government to officially recognise the independence of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh and strengthen Australia's relationship with the Nagorno-Karabakh and its citizens.
  6. Hughes, James (2002). Ethnicity and Territory in the Former Soviet Union: Regions in Conflict. London: Cass. p. 211. ISBN 978-0-7146-8210-5. Indeed, Nagorno-Karabakh is de facto part of Armenia.
  7. Mulcaire, Jack (9 April 2015). "Face Off: The Coming War between Armenia and Azerbaijan". The National Interest. The mostly Armenian population of the disputed region now lives under the control of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, a micronation that is supported by Armenia and is effectively part of that country.
  8. "Armenia expects Russian support in Karabakh war". Hürriyet Daily News. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2013. While internationally recognized as Azerbaijani territory, the enclave has declared itself an independent republic but is administered as a de facto part of Armenia.
  9. Central Asia and The Caucasus, Information and Analytical Center, 2009, Issues 55-60, Page 74, "Nagorno-Karabakh became de facto part of Armenia (its quasi-statehood can dupe no one) as a result of aggression."
  10. Deutsche Gesellschaft für auswärtige Politik, Internationale Politik, Volume 8, 2007 "... and Nagorno-Karabakh, the disputed territory that is now de facto part of Armenia ..."
  11. Cornell, Svante (2011). Azerbaijan Since Independence. New York: M.E. Sharpe. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-7656-3004-9. Following the war, the territories that fell under Armenian control, in particular Mountainous Karabakh itself, were slowly integrated into Armenia. Officially, Karabakh and Armenia remain separate political entities, but for most practical matters the two entities are unified.
  12. "Protocol on Cooperation and Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Pridnestrovien Moldavian Republic and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Transnistria. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  13. Massachusetts State Legislature Calls For Recognition Of Nagorno-Karabakh, RFE/RL, 2012
  16. White, Jeremy B. (8 May 2014). "Capitol Alert: California Assembly calls for Nagorno-Karabakh Republic". Fresno Bee.
  17. Mason, Melanie (5 May 2014). "Calif. lawmakers to weigh in on dispute between Armenia, Azerbaijan". LA Times.

External links

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