| IUPAC name
| Other names
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
|Molar mass||182.22 g/mol|
|Appearance||Off-white crystalline powder|
|Melting point||152 to 155 °C (306 to 311 °F; 425 to 428 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Fluorenol is an alcohol derivative of fluorene. In the most significant isomer, fluoren-9-ol or 9-hydroxyfluorene, the hydroxy group is located on the bridging carbon between the two benzene rings. Hydroxyfluorene can be converted to fluorenone by oxidation. It is a white-cream colored solid at room temperature.
A study published by chemists working for the biopharmaceutical company Cephalon to develop a successor to the wakefulness-promoting agent (or eugeroic) modafinil reported that fluorenol was 39% more effective than modafinil at keeping mice awake over a 4-hour period. It is a weak dopamine reuptake inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 μM, notably 59% weaker than modafinil (IC50 = 3.70 μM) despite being a stronger wakefulness-promoting agent, potentially making it even less liable for addiction. It also showed no affinity for cytochrome P450 2C19, unlike modafinil.
- 9-Hydroxyfluorene, chemicalland21.com
- Record of 9H-Fluoren-9-ol in the GESTIS Substance Database of the IFA, accessed on 5 November 2008
- Šepič, Ester; Bricelj, Mihael; Leskovšek, Hermina (2003). "Toxicity of fluoranthene and its biodegradation metabolites to aquatic organisms". Chemosphere. 52 (7): 1125–33. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00321-7. PMID 12820993.
- US patent 2197249: Insecticide
- Dunn, D.; Hostetler, G.; Iqbal, M.; Marcy, V. R.; Lin, Y. G.; Jones, B.; Aimone, L. D.; Gruner, J.; Ator, M. A.; Bacon, E. R.; Chatterjee, S. (2012). "Wake promoting agents: Search for next generation modafinil, lessons learned: Part III". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 22 (11): 3751–3753. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.04.031. PMID 22546675.
- Wise, R. A. (1996). "Neurobiology of addiction". Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 6 (2): 243–51. doi:10.1016/S0959-4388(96)80079-1. PMID 8725967.