First inauguration of Boris Yeltsin

First Presidential Inauguration of
Boris Yeltsin

Boris Yeltsin takes the oath of office as the
President of Russia.
Date July 10, 1991 (1991-07-10)
Location State Kremlin Palace

President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin

Assuming office

Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Russia, Ruslan Khasbulatov

Administering oath

The first inauguration of Boris Yeltsin as the first President of Russia took place on Wednesday, July 10, 1991. The ceremony was held at the State Kremlin Palace and it lasted only ten minutes.

The first in the history of Russia presidential inauguration ceremony.


As a result of nationwide referendum on the introduction of the post of the President of Russia, the first presidential election was held. Boris Yeltsin won the elections, gaining more than 58 percent of the vote. He took office a month after the elections.

Inaugural events

In 1991, President of Russia, as well as in the United States, elected together with the Vice President. However, in contrast to the American tradition, Vice President Alexander Rutskoy did not bring an oath, but was present at the ceremony as a guest.


Boris Yeltsin was invited to the podium to take the oath. Yeltsin took the oath of keeping the right hand on your heart, at the same time, the Constitution of Russian SFSR and the Soviet Union, as well as the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia lay in front of him. After taking the oath musicians begin to play the Russian anthem.

After completion of the national anthem, Boris Yeltsin went to the desk behind which sat Ruslan Khasbulatov. Sitting at the table Yeltsin and Khasbulatov listened to a speech of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II. After the speech of the Patriarch, Boris Yeltsin delivered his first speech as President of Russia, and then made a congratulatory speech, President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev.[1][2]

The Oath

Unlike subsequent inaugural ceremonies on this Boris Yeltsin read out another oath.

I swear in exercising the powers of President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic to observe the Constitution and laws of the Russian Federation, to protect its sovereignty, respect and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the right of peoples of the RSFSR and conscientiously fulfill the entrusted to me by the people of duties.


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