Joint capsule

Joint capsule

Typical joint

Diagrammatic section of a diarthrodial joint.
Latin capsula articularis
TA A03.0.00.026
FMA 34836

Anatomical terminology

In anatomy, a joint capsule or articular capsule is an envelope surrounding a synovial joint.[1] Each joint capsule has two parts: an outer fibrous layer or membrane, and an inner synovial layer or membrane.


Each capsule consists of two layers or membranes:

On the inside of the capsule, articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of the bones that articulate within that joint.

The outer layer is highly innervated by the same nerves which perforate through the adjacent muscles associated with the joint.

Fibrous membrane

The fibrous membrane of the joint capsule is attached to the whole circumference of the articular end of each bone entering into the joint, and thus entirely surrounds the articulation. It is made up of dense irregular connective tissue.

Clinical significance

Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is a disorder in which the shoulder capsule becomes inflamed.

Plica syndrome is a disorder in which the synovial plica becomes inflamed and causes abnormal biomechanics in the knee.

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 6/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.