Type Rocket artillery
Place of origin  Iran
Service history
Used by  Iran
Islamic Jihad

2006 Lebanon War
Gaza–Israel conflict

Syrian civil war
Production history
Designed Said to have started after late 1980s/early 1990s
Manufacturer Aerospace Industries Organization, Sanam Industrial Group, Defense Industries Organization[1][2]
Weight 1,500 kg (System)
90 kg (HE Content)
175 kg (Warhead)
915 kg (Rocket)[3]
Length 10.45 m (Launcher)
6.485 m (Rocket)[3]
Width 2.54 m (Launcher)[3]

3.34 m (Launcher)[3]

Caliber 333 mm
Elevation 0 to 57 degrees[3]
Traverse 45 degrees left and right[3]
Rate of fire 4–8 seconds[3]
Effective firing range 68–75 km

Speed 1009m/s

The Fajr-5 (Persian: فجر-۵, meaning "dawn-5") is an artillery rocket developed by Iran in the 1990s. The system is part of the Fajr family of rockets.


The latest production of the Fajr-5 is installed on a new 6 × 6 forward control chassis[4] and the platform is now integrated into a complete weapon system rather than an individual launcher. To provide a more stable firing platform four hydraulically operated stabilizers are lowered to the ground before firing. The new chassis has improved cross-country mobility and the forward control fully enclosed cab provides space for the driver and two passengers. Another fully enclosed cabin to the immediate rear of the cab houses the remainder of the crew. The new Mercedes-Benz chassis is similar to that manufactured in China, which is used as the basis for the Norinco (China North Industries Corporation) 122 mm (40-round) Type 90 ARS. While the primary role of this artillery rocket system is the engagement of land targets, AIO says that a radar can be added to give the system the capability to track and engage naval targets. The Fajr-5 missile, which is launched from a mobile platform, reportedly has a range of 75 kilometers (50 mi). Also a two-stage version of the rocket is reported to be produced with a length of 9 m and range of 190 km. But this variant is launched from TELs similar to Zelzal missiles which only has the capacity for a single rocket.


The first Fajr-5 were created when China exported WS-1 MLRS to Iran in the late 1980s/early 1990s.[5] They were then subsequently created and produced by Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization. In May 2006, Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO) has developed an upgraded version of the well-established Fajr-5 333 mm (4-round) unguided surface-to-surface artillery rocket system (ARS).[6]

Combat record

Iran was reported to have supplied a number of these rockets to Hezbollah forces in Lebanon in 2006.[7]


Map with Fajr-5 operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operators

Former Operators

See also


  1. Aerospace Industries Organization. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
  2. It is assumed that AIO is responsible for Fajr-5's production since nti.org claims that AIO is responsible for producing missiles of all types except ballistic missiles.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Fajr-3 & Fajr-5 brochure. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
  4. Fadjr-5. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  5. Vital Perspective: North Korea. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  6. Foss, Christopher F (2006-05-08). "Fadjr-5 artillery rocket system gets new chassis". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
  7. "Le Hezbollah tire des missiles "au-delà de Haïfa" alors que les raids aériens israéliens s'intensifient". Le Monde. 2006-07-29.
  8. Gannon, Kathy (2006-07-28). "Hezbollah Fires New Rockets Into Israel". Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
  9. Roffe-Ofir, Sharon (2006-07-28). "Fajr-5 missiles fired at Israel". YNet. Retrieved 2006-07-30.
  10. http://tehrantimes.com/politics/103510-iran-transferred-fajr-5-missile-technology-to-gaza-irgc-chief-
  11. http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Missiles-And-Rockets-2004/Iran-supplies-improved-rockets-to-Syria-and-Hizbullah.html
  12. Fajr-5 missile gives Palestinians rare if short-lived advantage November 16, 2012

External links

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