Ravanelli in May 2012.
|Full name||Fabrizio Ravanelli|
|Date of birth||11 December 1968|
|Place of birth||Perugia, Italy|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Fabrizio Ravanelli (Italian pronunciation: [faˈbrittsjo ravaˈnɛlli]; born 11 December 1968) is an Italian football manager and former international footballer, who was until 2 November 2013 the manager of French Ligue 1 club AC Ajaccio.
A former striker, Ravanelli started and ended his playing career at hometown club Perugia Calcio. Other notable career stops were Middlesbrough, Juventus and Marseille. He won five titles with Juventus, including a Serie A championship in 1995 and a Champions League title in 1996. In all, during his career he played with twelve clubs from four countries; his native Italy, England, France and Scotland. He earned 22 caps for the Italian national team, scoring 8 goals, and was a member of the Italian squad that took part at UEFA Euro 1996.
Early career in Italy
Ravanelli began his club career with his hometown club Perugia Calcio in 1986, where he remained until 1989. He had a spell with Avellino later that year, and subsequently played with Casertana for a season. In 1990, he moved to Reggiana, where he remained for two seasons.
After joining Juventus in 1992, he formed a formidable offensive line alongside players such as Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli, Paolo Di Canio, Andreas Möller, and Alessandro Del Piero. Affectionately known as the "White Feather" (in Italian: Penna Bianca) in recognition of his prematurely white hair, he was one of Europe's top goalscorers in the mid-1990s. With the Turin club, Ravanelli won one Serie A title (1994–95), one Coppa Italia (1994–95), one Supercoppa Italiana (1995), one Champions League (1995–96), where he scored in the final against Ajax, and one UEFA Cup (1992–93). On 27 September 1994, he memorably scored all five goals for Juventus against CSKA Sofia in a 5–1 win. In the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final, he put Juventus 1–0 up at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. Ajax subsequently equalised, but Juventus still won the game through a penalty shootout.
Ravanelli made an immediate positive impact on moving to the Premier League with Bryan Robson's Middlesbrough on a £7 million transfer in 1996, where his success was sustained. He scored a hat-trick on his league debut against Liverpool on the opening day of the 1996–97 season. Despite being one of the league's top scorers, Middlesbrough were relegated in the year that he joined. He did, however, help them to the final of both domestic cup competitions that season. He started both finals, as Middlesbrough lost 2–0 against Chelsea in the FA Cup Final, and Leicester City 1–0 in the replay of the League Cup Final, he scored the first goal in the final of the first meeting, only for Emile Heskey to equalise and send the game to a replay, which Leicester subsequently won. He alienated himself from teammates and fans, with his constant complaints and criticisms of the club's training regime and facilities, as well as the town itself, despite being the highest paid footballer in the Premiership at the time. Whilst at the club, he resided in the local small North Yorkshire village of Hutton Rudby, where Middlesbrough football associates, such as Paul Merson, Gordon McQueen and several other notable individuals have had residences.
Olympique de Marseille
After Middlesbrough's relegation, Ravanelli moved to Olympique de Marseille. In the 1998–99 season, Marseille finished in second place in the French Division 1, one point behind Girondins de Bordeaux. The following season l'OM competed in the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, with Ravanelli scoring once against Sturm Graz at the Stade Vélodrome.
In July 2001, Ravanelli joined Derby County on a free transfer, signing a two-year deal, but could not save the club from relegation in 2002. Due to Derby's financial problems, they had to defer his wage payments which they paid for several years.
He then joined Dundee, following the end of his Derby contract, but was sacked after the club released all of their top earners. The only game in which Ravanelli scored for Dundee was against Clyde in a League Cup match, when he produced a hat-trick.
After the experience in Scotland, he returned to Italy to finish his career with his hometown club Perugia, with whom he had also started his professional career, with the aim of trying to save the club from relegation.
Ravanelli earned 22 caps for the Italian national team between 1995 and 1999, under managers Arrigo Sacchi, Cesare Maldini, and Dino Zoff, scoring eight goals. He made his international debut on 25 March 1995, in a 4–1 home victory over Estonia, in an UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying fixture, also scoring his first international goal during the match. He was a member of the Italian squad that took part at UEFA Euro 1996, making two appearances throughout the tournament as Italy were eliminated in the first round; he missed out on a spot at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, as striker Enrico Chiesa was selected in his place.
Style of play
Ravanelli was a strong, complete, energetic, and hardworking striker, who, in addition to scoring goals, was also capable of playing off of his team-mates. A prolific goalscorer, he was good in the air, and possessed an accurate shot.
Ravanelli's signature celebration when scoring a goal involved pulling his shirt over his head and running around the field. He was therefore a strong opposer of the new FIFA regulation, which impeded players from removing their shirts during post goal-celebrations, and which punished any violators with a yellow card.
Ravanelli started his coaching career with the Juventus youth team. He joined the club's coaching staff in July 2011 and remained there until 2013.
On 8 June 2013, Ravanelli signed a two-year contract as the new head coach of French Ligue 1 club AC Ajaccio. On 2 November 2013, he was sacked from his post after his club had suffered its fifth consecutive Ligue 1 defeat(this time losing 3-1 at home against Valenciennes FC) on the same day that left them in 19th (second from bottom) position (1 win, 4 draws and 7 defeats in 12 Ligue 1 matches) in the Ligue 1 standings. "It is not an easy decision (to sack Ravanelli) for a number of reasons. I really appreciated Fabrizio Ravanelli, I really wanted it to work. I do not remember seeing a staff work that much, from morning till night without stopping. You know what football is like. If things are not going well, the only solution is to change the staff," said Alain Orsoni, the president of AC Ajaccio.
|England||League||FA Cup/League Cup||Europe||Total|
|France||League||Coupe de France/Coupe de la Ligue||Europe||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup/League Cup||Europe||Total|
|2001–02||Derby County||Premier League||31||9||1/2||1/1||-||-||34||11|
|Scotland||League||Scottish Cup/League Cup||Europe||Total|
* = Scored 3 goals in a Scottish League Cup match.
|Italy national team|
|1.||25 March 1995||Stadio Arechi, Salerno||Estonia||4–1||4–1||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|2.||6 September 1995||Stadio Friuli, Udine||Slovenia||1–0||1–0||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|3.||11 November 1995||Stadio San Nicola, Bari||Ukraine||1–1||3–1||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|5.||24 January 1996||Stadio Libero Liberati, Terni||Wales||2–0||3–0||Friendly|
|6.||5 October 1996||Stadionul Republican, Chişinău||Moldova||1–0||3–1||1998 World Cup qualifier|
|8.||9 October 1996||Stadio Renato Curi, Perugia||Georgia||1–0||1–0||1998 World Cup qualifier|
- As of 2 November 2013.
|Ajaccio||8 June 2013||2 November 2013||Ligue 1||12||1||4||7||8.33||8||18||–10|
|Coupe de la Ligue||1||0||0||1||0.00||0||1||–1|
- Serie A (1): 1994–95
- Coppa Italia (1): 1994–95
- Supercoppa Italiana (1): 1995
- UEFA Champions League (1): 1995–96
- UEFA Cup (1): 1992–93
- "Gli eroi in bianconero: Fabrizio RAVANELLI" (in Italian). Tutto Juve. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Will the White Feather deliver?". BBC Sport. BBC Sport. 18 July 2001. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Davies, Christopher (14 January 2002). "White Feather is no grey man". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
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- "1995/96: Juve hold their nerve". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Duxbury, Nick (5 July 1996). "Middlesbrough spend pounds 7m on Ravanelli". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Turnbull, Simon (19 August 1996). "Silver hair, silverware?". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Brewin, John (24 April 2009). "Big-spending Boro undone by no-show". ESPN Soccernet. ESPN. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
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- "Ravanelli outbursts adds to Boro woes". 4thegame.com. 24 December 1996. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2008.
- Moore, Glenn (17 May 1997). "Football: FA Cup Final: Azzurri return to the twin towers". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Derby axe Ravanelli". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 9 May 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli completes Rams switch". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 27 July 2001. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Liverpool relegate Derby". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 April 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli joins Dundee". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 September 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "No way back for Ravanelli". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 November 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli thumps Clyde". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 29 October 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
- "Ravanelli joins Perugia". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 14 January 2004. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Nazionale in cifre: Ravanelli, Fabrizio". www.figc.it (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Football fan recreates goal celebrations with Subbuteo players". The Telegraph. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Clarification of Law 12: Yellow Card for removal of jersey". FIFA.com. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Ravanelli: "Ritorno a casa!"" (in Italian). juventus.com. 13 July 2011.
- "Ravanelli, un aiuto per la Primavera" (in Italian). juventus.com. 17 August 2011.
- "Management tickles White Feather's fancy as former Boro star Ravanelli takes up the reins at French side AC Ajaccio". Daily Mail. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli's tenure as AC Ajaccio coach has ended after just 12 games following his side's 3-1 defeat to Valenciennes FC on Saturday.". official Ligue 1 website. 2 November 2013.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli fired as Ajaccio head coach after home defeat". BBC Sport. 2 November 2013.
- Daniele Cavalla (14 February 2015). "L'intenso weekend di calcio in tv" (in Italian). La Stampa. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Ravanelli, Fabrizio". National Football Teams. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli – Goals in International Matches". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli". Eurosport. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- Roberto Di Maggio; Davide Rota (4 June 2015). "Italy - Coppa Italia Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- Roberto Di Maggio; Igor Kramarsic; Alberto Novello (15 May 2014). "Italy - Serie C2 Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 16 December 2015.