Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Aliases FLT1, FLT, FLT-1, VEGFR-1, VEGFR1, fms related tyrosine kinase 1
External IDs MGI: 95558 HomoloGene: 134179 GeneCards: FLT1
Genetically Related Diseases
coronary artery disease[1]
Targeted by Drug
cediranib, linifanib, motesanib, nintedanib, pazopanib, semaxanib, tivozanib, vatalanib[2]
RNA expression pattern
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse









RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC) Chr 13: 28.3 – 28.5 Mb Chr 5: 147.56 – 147.73 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FLT1 gene.[5]


Oncogene FLT belongs to the src gene family and is related to oncogene ROS (MIM 165020). Like other members of this family, it shows tyrosine protein kinase activity that is important for the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. The sequence structure of the FLT gene resembles that of the FMS gene (MIM 164770); hence, Yoshida et al. (1987) proposed the name FLT as an acronym for FMS-like tyrosine kinase.[supplied by OMIM][6]


FLT1 has been shown to interact with PLCG1[7] and vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B).[8][9]

See also


  1. "Diseases that are genetically associated with FLT1 view/edit references on wikidata".
  2. "Drugs that physically interact with Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 view/edit references on wikidata".
  3. "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. Shibuya M, Yamaguchi S, Yamane A, Ikeda T, Tojo A, Matsushime H, Sato M (Apr 1990). "Nucleotide sequence and expression of a novel human receptor-type tyrosine kinase gene (flt) closely related to the fms family". Oncogene. 5 (4): 519–24. PMID 2158038.
  6. "Entrez Gene: FLT1 fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor receptor)".
  7. Cunningham SA, Arrate MP, Brock TA, Waxham MN (Nov 1997). "Interactions of FLT-1 and KDR with phospholipase C gamma: identification of the phosphotyrosine binding sites". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 240 (3): 635–9. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.7719. PMID 9398617.
  8. Olofsson B, Korpelainen E, Pepper MS, Mandriota SJ, Aase K, Kumar V, Gunji Y, Jeltsch MM, Shibuya M, Alitalo K, Eriksson U (Sep 1998). "Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) binds to VEGF receptor-1 and regulates plasminogen activator activity in endothelial cells". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95 (20): 11709–14. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.20.11709. PMC 21705Freely accessible. PMID 9751730.
  9. Makinen T, Olofsson B, Karpanen T, Hellman U, Soker S, Klagsbrun M, Eriksson U, Alitalo K (Jul 1999). "Differential binding of vascular endothelial growth factor B splice and proteolytic isoforms to neuropilin-1". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274 (30): 21217–22. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.30.21217. PMID 10409677.

Further reading

  • Petrova TV, Makinen T, Alitalo K (Nov 1999). "Signaling via vascular endothelial growth factor receptors". Experimental Cell Research. 253 (1): 117–30. doi:10.1006/excr.1999.4707. PMID 10579917. 
  • Sato Y, Kanno S, Oda N, Abe M, Ito M, Shitara K, Shibuya M (May 2000). "Properties of two VEGF receptors, Flt-1 and KDR, in signal transduction". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 902 (1): 201–5; discussion 205–7. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06314.x. PMID 10865839. 
  • Boyd AW, Lackmann M (Dec 2001). "Signals from Eph and ephrin proteins: a developmental tool kit". Science's STKE : Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment. 2001 (112): RE20. doi:10.1126/stke.2001.112.re20. PMID 11741094. 
  • Luttun A, Tjwa M, Carmeliet P (Dec 2002). "Placental growth factor (PlGF) and its receptor Flt-1 (VEGFR-1): novel therapeutic targets for angiogenic disorders". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 979: 80–93. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2002.tb04870.x. PMID 12543719. 
  • Maynard SE, Venkatesha S, Thadhani R, Karumanchi SA (May 2005). "Soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia". Pediatric Research. 57 (5 Pt 2): 1R–7R. doi:10.1203/01.PDR.0000159567.85157.B7. PMID 15817508. 
  • Shibuya M (2007). "Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1/Flt-1): a dual regulator for angiogenesis". Angiogenesis. 9 (4): 225–30; discussion 231. doi:10.1007/s10456-006-9055-8. PMID 17109193. 
  • Widmer M, Villar J, Benigni A, Conde-Agudelo A, Karumanchi SA, Lindheimer M (Jan 2007). "Mapping the theories of preeclampsia and the role of angiogenic factors: a systematic review". Obstetrics and Gynecology. 109 (1): 168–80. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000249609.04831.7c. PMID 17197602. 
  • López-Novoa JM (Mar 2007). "Soluble endoglin is an accurate predictor and a pathogenic molecule in pre-eclampsia". Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. 22 (3): 712–4. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfl768. PMID 17210583. 
  • Poesen K, Lambrechts D, Van Damme P, Dhondt J, Bender F, Frank N, Bogaert E, Claes B, Heylen L, Verheyen A, Raes K, Tjwa M, Eriksson U, Shibuya M, Nuydens R, Van Den Bosch L, Meert T, D'Hooge R, Sendtner M, Robberecht W, Carmeliet P (Oct 2008). "Novel role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-1 and its ligand VEGF-B in motor neuron degeneration". The Journal of Neuroscience. 28 (42): 10451–9. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1092-08.2008. PMID 18923022. 
  • Joukov V, Kaipainen A, Jeltsch M, Pajusola K, Olofsson B, Kumar V, Eriksson U, Alitalo K (Nov 1997). "Vascular endothelial growth factors VEGF-B and VEGF-C". Journal of Cellular Physiology. 173 (2): 211–5. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4652(199711)173:2<211::AID-JCP23>3.0.CO;2-H. PMID 9365524. 
  • Kaplan RN, Riba RD, Zacharoulis S, Bramley AH, Vincent L, Costa C, MacDonald DD, Jin DK, Shido K, Kerns SA, Zhu Z, Hicklin D, Wu Y, Port JL, Altorki N, Port ER, Ruggero D, Shmelkov SV, Jensen KK, Rafii S, Lyden D (Dec 2005). "VEGFR1-positive haematopoietic bone marrow progenitors initiate the pre-metastatic niche". Nature. 438 (7069): 820–7. doi:10.1038/nature04186. PMC 2945882Freely accessible. PMID 16341007. 

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