In civil procedure, exclusive jurisdiction exists where one court has the power to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all other courts. It is the opposite situation from concurrent jurisdiction or non exclusive jurisdiction, in which more than one court may take jurisdiction over the case.
Exclusive jurisdiction is typically defined in terms of subject matter.
On a Federal level, exclusive jurisdiction allows the Supreme Court to review the decisions in lower courts.
- Original jurisdiction--the power of a court to hear a case for the first time
- Appellate jurisdiction--the power of a court to hear a case on appeal