Evelyn M. Anderson
Evelyn M. Anderson (March 20, 1899 – June 8, 1985) was an American physiologist and biochemist, most known for her co-discovery of Adrenocorticotropic hormone (adreno-cortical thyroid hormone or ACTH) in 1934.
Evelyn Anderson was born in Willmar, Minnesota to Swedish immigrants parents. She attended Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota where she obtained her bachelor's. In 1928, she gained her M.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, School of Medicine. During her time at Berkeley, her research culminated into two papers about vitamin A and nutrition. She continued on to receive her Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Montreal in 1934. While working on her dissertation, Anderson co-discovered ACTH with James Bertram Collip and David Landsborough Thomson. In a paper published in 1933, she explained its function in the body. In 1935 she published another paper with Collip on the discovery of an anti-thyroid hormone which greatly contributed to the general knowledge and understanding of anti-hormones.
She returned to the University of California at Berkeley to instruct and became an associate professor of medicine in 1946, while continuing her research on hormone related diseases. Most notably she discovered with Webb E. Haymaker that Cushing's disease is caused by hyper function of the Adrenal cortex. Anderson also worked with Joseph Abraham Long, professor of embryology, to develop an apparatus to study the secretions of insulin from the pancreas in a rat model. This model and technique were later used with an immunochemical assay for human insulin. In 1946, Anderson received an award from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to work with Phillip Bard, professor and director of the Department of Physiology at Johns Hopkins University.
She then moved to the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD) at the National Institute of Health where she became the chief of Secretion on Endocrinology (1947-1962). She was Vice President and program chairman of the Endocrine Society (1951-1952). Anderson became a visiting Professor of Physiology at Howard University in 1955, where her research focused on hypothalmic regulation of metabolism. In 1962 she returned to California where she became head of neuroendocrinology at NASA's Ames Research Center (1962-1969). From this position she retired in 1969. During the course of her career, she published over one hundred research papers.
Award and Honors
- John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Award (1946)
- Honorary doctorate from Carleton College (1954)
- Honorary doctorate from the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1961)
- Federal Women's Award recipient (1964)
- "Register of the Evelyn Anderson Papers, 1918-1972". The Regents of the University of California. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Alison Li (2003) J.B. Collip and the Development of Medical Research in Canada: Extracts and Enterprise (McGill-Queen’s Press. Page 65) ISBN 9780773571457
- James B. Collip, Evelyn Anderson, D. L. Thomson (12 August 1933). "The adrenotropic hormone of the anterior pituitary lobe". Lancet. 222 (5737): 347–348. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)44463-6.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science. 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY, 10001: Routledge. pp. 35–36.
- "David Landsborough Thomson, Honorary Degree". University of Saskatchewan. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- R. M. Eakin H. M. Evans R. B. Goldschmidt W. R. Lyons. "Joseph Abraham Long, Zoology: Berkeley (1879-1953) Professor of Embryology, Emeritus". The Regents of The University of California. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "Evelyn Anderson, Fellow: Awarded 1946". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "Philip Bard (1898-1977)". The American Physiological Society. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Leslie L. Bennett. "Evelyn M. Anderson (1899-1985)" (PDF). The Physiologist. Volume 28, Number 6, page 474. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "Webb Edward Haymaker (1902-1984)". Neurology. 1985:35:392:393. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "About the Fellowship". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- "Federal Women's Program". FEW.org. Retrieved May 15, 2016.