Evan-Burrows Fontaine

Evan-Burrows Fontaine

Library of Congress
Born (1898-10-03)October 3, 1898
Huron, Hill County, Texas, USA
Died December 27, 1984(1984-12-27) (aged 86)
Winchester, Virginia, USA
Occupation Dancer
Years active 1914 - ?

Evan-Burrows Fontaine (October 3, 1898 – December 27, 1984) was an American Denishawn-trained interpretive dancer and actress whose career suffered after she became entangled in a breach of promise lawsuit with a member of one of America's wealthiest families.

Early life

Evan-Burrows Fontaine [1] was born on October 3, 1898 at Huron, Texas, a present-day ghost town with the Cedar Creek Baptist Church as its last surviving structure.[2][3][4] She was the daughter of William Winston Spotswood Fontaine, an accountant who would later become general manager of the Alamo Cottonseed Company[5] and Florence West Evans, the daughter of a Dallas life insurance agent.[6] Her family later moved to Dallas, where by the turn of the twentieth century they were boarders at a rooming house owned by her maternal grandparents. Fontaine's paternal 3rd great-grandmother was Martha Henry, daughter of American Founding Father, Patrick Henry.[7] Her grandfather, William Winston Fontaine, served in the American Civil War as a colonel under Confederate generals, Stonewall Jackson and J.E.B. Stuart. After the war he taught at Baylor Female College in Independence, Texas and later held the chair of Latin for a decade at the University of Texas.[8] Not much is known here about Fontaine’s early life except that by 1915 she was living with her mother in New York City[9] and that at an early age she traveled to California where she became a protégée of dancer Ruth St. Denis. Later she would claim she was also trained by Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, but this has yet to be verified.[10]


Evan-Burrows Fontaine - Ziegfeld’s Midnight Follies (1919)

Fontaine was taught the Dance Egyptienne by St. Denis’ husband, choreographer Ted Shawn, one of several dances Shawn would teach her based on his interpretation of Javanese ceremonial dancing.[10] Fontaine’s stage debut may have occurred on December 16, 1914, when she performed Shawn’s Syvillia in a production staged by St. Denis’ company at the Ye Liberty Playhouse in Oakland, California.[11] The next year she was booked to perform the traditional Jockey Dance at an annual celebration that follows the running of the Saratoga Cup in upstate New York.[12] Fontaine went on to tour nationally with dancer and future film actor Kenneth Harlan[13][14] before joining the Ziegfeld Follies where she would later shine in Ziegfeld’s Midnight Follies (1919).[7] Around this time she also appeared in The Ed Wynn Carnival as the Queen of the Nile at New York’s Amsterdam Theater.[15] Fontaine was among a group of entertainers who in 1919 donated their talents to a benefit costume ball held on behalf of blind war veterans at Manhattan’s Ritz-Carlton.[16] The next year at the Casino Theatre (Broadway) Fontaine helped put on a memorial charity show that honored the actor Frank Carter on the first anniversary of his death.[17] In 1920 Fontaine worked on three motion pictures,[18][19] Madonnas and Men, playing the dual roles of Nerissa and Ninon, Women Men Love as Moira Lamson, and as a dancer in A Romantic Adventuress. Within a few years though, Fontaine would be limited to performing her “Oriental style” dancing at cabarets and nightclubs as her sensational court battles with a member of one of America’s wealthiest families most likely derailed any chance she had of attaining future stardom in New York or Los Angeles.

A performance by Fontaine was incorporated in the 1921 novel Beauty, by Rupert Hughes:

Then a dancer came forth on the full stage in an American Orientalism. She was no less a personage than Evan Burrows Fontaine and she danced with grave passion. She wore trousers of cloth of gold. Her shoulders and her waist were bare, with jeweled disks and chains across the breast; and her bare feet were jeweled. She told a gloomy story in a rhapsody of posture and transition. Larrick was spellbound with the drama and with the flight of beautiful moments and colors, following pell-mell as in a kaleidoscope whirled at top speed.[20]
Evan-Burrows Fontaine - New York City (1919)

Early target of paparazzi

Eyebrows were raised when in late 1919 the press published a photograph (right) of Fontaine jogging along the Hudson River in stockings, clad in a heavy hooded sweater and workout shorts; something that would have probably gone unnoticed a few years later.[7]


On April 18, 1918 Fontaine married Sterling Lawrence Adair, a young sailor from Houston, Texas [21] whom she had met on a train ride the year before. Their marriage was annulled in February, 1920,[22] around the time she became involved with millionaire Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney. This relationship collapsed when Whitney became engaged to Marie Norton, sometime before Fontaine gave birth to a baby boy that December. On the 14th of January of the following year, Sterling Adair was found shot to death at his Oak Wood apartment in south Dallas. A police homicide investigation would prove inconclusive and a later a coroner’s jury would rule Adair probably died by his own hand.[23]

In the summer of 1922 Fontaine filed what would turn out to be the first of several lawsuits against Cornelius “Sonny” Vanderbilt Whitney,[24] claiming he had broken his pledge to marry her and that he was the father of her son. Whitney’s attorneys countered that Fontaine was still married to Adair at the time of the proposal and that the date of her marriage annulment was contrived by Fontaine and her mother. Over the next several months the case would become headline fodder for the national press; in the end though, Whitney’s attorneys prevailed and the case was dismissed.[25] After the trial’s end, Fontaine and her mother were arrested for perjury;[26] charges that were in due course vacated by a judge.[27] Fontaine continued the battle with subsequent lawsuits against Whitney that would fare no better than the first.[28]

Parents' deaths

The Book of the Dance, 1920

On January 21, 1928, Fontaine’s mother was killed near New Smyrna Beach, Florida,[29] when her automobile collided with a Florida East Coast Railway passenger train. Florence Fontaine had been on her way to Miami to care of her daughter who had fallen ill. Fontaine's father died on August 19, 1939, while on a visit to her home in Margate, New Jersey. At the time Winston Fontaine was a member of the Dallas office of the Loyalty Group Insurance Company.[5]

Second marriage

Fontaine married former Olympic swimmer Harold “Stubby” Kruger in 1928 or 29.[30] Bobby, her second son, would be born to this union before their divorce in 1935.[31] Curiously, upon returning from Europe in October, 1930, she was listed on the passenger manifest of the SS Leviathan as Evan Burrows Fontaine Friedman along with a Walter Friedman of New York City.[3] Kruger was a colleague of Johnny Weissmuller and performed at carnivals and fairs billed as the Incomparable Water Comedian. He also had a career in Hollywood as an actor and stunt double that began in the silent era and lasted well into the 1950s. His last film credit was as Spencer Tracy’s double in The Old Man and the Sea. Harold Herman Kruger was born on September 23, 1898 at Honolulu, Hawaii[32] and died in Los Angeles, California, on October 7, 1965. In 1986 Kruger was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame at Fort Lauderdale, Florida.[33][34]

Later life

Sometime in the late 1930s Fontaine became a co-owner of the Walton Roof, a Philadelphia night spot atop the Walton Hotel, along with her husband (or soon to be husband), restaurateur Jack Lynch.[35] Her first son, Neil “Sonny” Winston Fontaine, debuted there as a band leader in 1939,[36] and later served at times as master of ceremonies before the club’s demise in 1946.[37][38] Jack Lynch was a long time owner of clubs and restaurants in the Philadelphia area before his death in 1957.[39] Evan-Burrows Fontaine died on December 27, 1984 aged 86, at the Winchester Medical Center in Winchester, Virginia. She spent her final years as a resident of Paris, a small rural town in northern Virginia.[40][41]


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Evan-Burrows Fontaine.
  1. Note: aka Evan Burrows Fontaine and Evan Burroughs Fontaine
  2. Evan B. Fontaine-Social Security Death Index, Ancestry.com
  3. 1 2 Friedman, Evan Burrows Fontaine - Passenger Manifest SS Leviathan October 13, 1930 - Ancestry.com
  4. Huron, a Texas Ghost Town accessed June 12, 2012
  5. 1 2 Winston Fontaine Dies on East Coast-The San Antonio Light - August 21, 1939; pg; 15;Ancestry.com
  6. "1900 US Census">Evan B Fontaine, Dallas Tx. 1900 US Census Records, Ancestry.com
  7. 1 2 3 The Green Book Magazine, Volume 21, January, 1920, pg. 454-457 accessed June 11, 2012
  8. W.W. Fontaine Passes in Mississippi-The Atlanta Constitution November 3, 1917; Ancestry.com
  9. Florence Fontaine-1915 New York State Census, Ancestry.com
  10. 1 2 Dancing the Subject of ‘Java’: International Modernism and Traditional Performance, 1899-1952 accessed June 11, 2012
  11. At Local Playhouses-The Oakland Tribune, December 13, 1914 pg. 5, Ancestry.com
  12. Will Give Dance-The Washington Post August 5, 1915, pg. 13, Ancestry.com
  13. Orpheum, Best of Vaudeville-Lincoln Daily Star; November 19, 1916; pg. 24; Ancestry.com
  14. Miss Fontaine is Typical Wide Awake American Girl-The Lincoln Daily Star November 26, 1916; pg. 6; Ancestry.com
  15. Milwaukee Journal May 5, 1920
  16. BALL FOR BLINDED HEROES-New York Times; February 16, 1919; pg. 23
  17. . Performance in Carter's Memory. -The New York Times May 27, 1920; pg. 24
  18. Evan Burroughs Fontaine, Internet Movie Database accessed June 13, 2012
  19. A Romantic Adventuress-The Oakland Tribune, December 20, 1920; pg.9; Ancestry.com
  20. Hughes, Rupert, Beauty, 1921; pg. 130 accessed June 14, 2012
  21. Sterling Lawrence Adair-World War One Draft Registration; Ancestry.com
  22. Evan Burrows Fontaine Marriage Annulled-The Bridgeport Telegram (Bridgeport, Connecticut); October 12, 1923; pg. 2; Ancestry.com
  23. Is The Price of Beauty Going Down?-San Antonio Evening News; October 6, 1922; pg 19;; Ancestry.com
  24. Evan Fontaine Asks Million of Whitney In Saratoga Suit for Breach of Promise -New York Times - August 13, 1922; pg. 1
  25. DENOUNCES DANCER FOR WHITNEY SUIT-New York Times; January 9, 1923; pg. 1
  26. Danseuse in Million Suit is Indicted-Oakland Tribune; March 15, 1923; pg. 1; Ancestry.com
  27. Perjury Charges Against Actress Dismissed-Ogden Standard-Examiner; September 7, 1923, pg. 10; Ancestry.com
  28. Fontaine Suit Dismissed-New York Times; May 30, 1929; pg. 24
  29. Evan Burrows Fontaine's Mother Killed in Crash-The Oakland Tribune, January 20, 1928, pg. 1, Ancestry.com
  30. To Try Fontaine Suit Third Time-The Pittsburgh Press - Jan 22, 1929 accessed June 13, 2012
  31. The Canandaigua Times December 3, 1935
  32. Harold Kruger-US Passport Application May 29, 1924, Ancestry.com
  33. Stubby Kruger 68, Stunt Man Dies-The Gettysburg Times, October 8, 1965, pg. 5, Ancestry.com
  34. Stubby Kruger, Internet Movie Database accessed June 12, 2012
  35. Dorothy Kilgowen-Lowell Sun -(Lowell, Massachusetts); Monday, April 19, 1948, pg. 14
  36. Walter Winchell-San Antonio Light; October 5, 1939, pg.20, Ancestry.com
  37. Philla. Hotel To Close After Half Century-Lebanon Daily News, June 7, 1946, pg. 15, Ancestry.com
  38. Vaudeville Reviews-Billboard - September 2, 1944,pg. 26, col. 1
  39. Jack Lynch Dies-The Gettysburg Times February 20, 1957, pg. 4, Ancestry.com
  40. Evan B. Fontaine, Social Security Death Index, Ancestry.com
  41. Evan B. Fontaine-Winchester Star; December 31, 1984, pg. 2
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