For other uses, see Eulalie (disambiguation).
Original manuscript for "Eulalie" with Poe's signature

"Eulalie," or "Eulalie - A Song," is a poem by Edgar Allan Poe, first published in the July 1845 issue of The American Review and reprinted shortly thereafter in the August 9, 1845 issue of the Broadway Journal.


The poem is a bridal song about a man who overcomes his sadness by marrying the beautiful Eulalie.[1] The woman's love here has a transformative effect on the narrator, taking him from a "world of moan" to one of happiness.[2]


The poem utilizes Poe's frequent theme of "the death of a beautiful woman", which he considered to be "the most poetical topic in the world."[3] The use of this theme has often been suggested to be autobiographical by Poe critics and biographers, stemming from the repeated loss of women throughout Poe's life, including his mother Eliza Poe and his foster mother Frances Allan.[4] If autobiographical, "Eulalie" may be referring to Poe's relationship with his wife Virginia. It seems to express that she lifted his spirits and washed away his feelings of loneliness. After Virginia's death in 1847, Poe scribbled on a manuscript copy of "Eulalie" a couplet, now known as "Deep in Earth."[5] It is unclear if Poe intended this to be part of "Eulalie," an unfinished new poem, or just a personal note.

The name Eulalie emphasizes the letter "L," a frequent device in Poe's female characters such as "Annabel Lee," "Lenore," and "Ulalume."[6]

Publication history

"Eulalie" appeared in The American Review, July, 1845, Wiley and Putnam, New York.

The poem was first published as "Eulalie - A Song" in the July 1845 issue of the American Review - it was the only new poem Poe published that year,[7] other than "The Raven".

See also


  1. Sova, Dawn B. Edgar Allan Poe: A to Z. Checkmark Books, 2001.
  2. Kennedy, J. Gerald. "Poe, 'Ligeia,' and the Problem of Dying Women" collected in New Essays on Poe's Major Tales, edited by Kenneth Silverman. Cambridge University Press, 1993. p. 115. ISBN 0-521-42243-4
  3. Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Philosophy of Composition" (1846).
  4. Weekes, Karen. "Poe's feminine ideal," collected in The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe, edited by Kevin J. Hayes. Cambridge University Press, 2002. p. 149. ISBN 0-521-79727-6
  5. Silverman, Kenneth. Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance. New York City: Harper Perennial, 1991. ISBN 0-06-092331-8 p. 328
  6. Kopley, Richard and Kevin J. Hayes "Two verse masterworks: 'The Raven' and 'Ulalume'," as collected in The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe, edited by Kevin J. Hayes. Cambridge University Press, 2002. p. 200. ISBN 0-521-79727-6
  7. Quinn, Arthur Hobson. Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. p. 480. ISBN 0-8018-5730-9

External links

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