Ethyl nitrite

Ethyl nitrite
IUPAC name
Other names
Ethyl alcohol nitrite; Nitrous acid, ethyl ester; Nitrethyl
109-95-5 N
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChEMBL ChEMBL1551365 N
ChemSpider 7735 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.385
PubChem 8026
Molar mass 75.07 g·mol−1
Boiling point 17 °C (63 °F; 290 K)
Main hazards [1]
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 4: Readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures. E.g., nitroglycerin Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol.[2]

Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre since 1980.[3]


  1. "NFPA 704 Ratings for Common Chemicals".
  2. Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1943). "Dimethylglyoxime". Org. Synth.; Coll. Vol., 2, p. 204

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