Ernst Põdder

Ernst Põdder
Nickname(s) Vana Õkva
Born February 10, 1879
Died June 24, 1932 (aged 53)
Tallinn, Estonia
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Estonia
Years of service 1897-1917 Russian Imperial Army
1918–1932 Estonian Army
Rank Kindralmajor
Unit Imperial Russian Army
Estonian Army

Russo-Japanese war
World War I
Estonian War of Independence

Awards Cross of Liberty
Order of Lāčplēsis (Latvia)

Ernst Põdder VR I/1 (February 10, 1879 Aleksandri Parish, Võrumaa, Estonia – June 24, 1932 Tallinn, Estonia) was a famous Estonian military commander in the Estonian War of Independence.

In 1900 Põdder graduated from the Vilnius Military Academy. In the Russo-Japanese war he achieved the rank of Lieutenant, and in World War I became Polkovnik (Colonel). In July 1917 he joined the Estonian national units as commander of the 3rd and 1st Estonian regiments. In 1918 Põdder was promoted to the rank of Major General. During the German occupation of 1918 he was one of the main founders of the underground Defence League. At the beginning of the Estonian Liberation War, Põdder was Chief of Internal Security. On April 4, 1919 he became Commander of the 3rd Division, where his main achievement was victory over the Baltische Landeswehr.

After the war Põdder commanded the 3rd Division and, after 1921, the 2nd Division. He actively participated in defeating the 1924 coup attempt. In 1926 he became a permanent member of the war council, as well as an active organizer of scouting. Ernst Põdder was the only honorary member of the League of Liberators. Põdder is recipient of the Latvian military Order of Lāčplēsis, 2nd class.[1]

See also


  1. Priedītis, Ērichs Ēriks (1996). Latvijas Valsts apbalvojumi un Lāčplēši. (in Latvian). Riga: Junda. ISBN 9984-01-020-1. OCLC 38884671.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/1/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.