Ernest Squires

Ernest Ker Squires
Born 18 December 1882
Poona, India
Died 2 March 1940(1940-03-02) (aged 57)
Melbourne, Australia
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Australian Army
Years of service 1903–1940
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Chief of the General Staff
Battles/wars First World War
Third Anglo-Afghan War
Second World War
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (6)

Lieutenant General Ernest Ker Squires CB, DSO, MC (18 December 1882 – 2 March 1940) was a senior officer in the Australian Army who served as Chief of the General Staff (1939–1940).

Military career

Educated at Eton College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Squires was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1903.[1] He transferred to the 3rd Sappers and Miners in[India in 1905.[1]

He served in the First World War and was wounded at Givenchy in 1914 and at Ypres in 1915.[1] Later that year he saw action again – this time in Mesopotamia.[1] In 1932 he was made brigadier on the General Staff of Southern Command.[2]

He became Director of Staff Duties at the War Office in 1939, Inspector General of the Australian Army in 1938,[3] and Chief of the General Staff in 1939.[1] His health failed him and he died early the following year.[1]


In 1912 he married Ethel Elsie Risley.[1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lodge, A. B. (1990). Squires, Ernest Ker (1882–1940). Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 12. Melbourne University Press. pp. 41–42.
  2. Ernest Squires
  3. Inspector General selected Canberra Times, 19 May 1938
Military offices
Preceded by
Lieutenant General John Lavarack
Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Lieutenant General John Northcott
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