Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979
The Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 was passed in the Australian state of New South Wales.
The act incorporated a three-tired system of state, regional (now repealed) and local levels of significance, and required the relevant planning authority to take into consideration the impacts to the environment (both natural and built) and the community of proposed development or land-use change. Most development requires a Statement of Environmental Effects detailing the impacts to both natural and human environments, which should be taken into consideration by the regulatory authority, while larger projects require a more thorough Environmental Impact Assessment and greater public scrutiny.
Parts of the Act
The Act covers the entire spectrum of environmental assessment and is divided into 11 Parts.
- PART 1 - PRELIMINARY
- PART 2 - ADMINISTRATION
- PART 2A - PLANNING BODIES
- PART 3 - ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING INSTRUMENTS
- PART 3A - (REPEALED)
- PART 3B - STRATEGIC PLANNING
- PART 4 - DEVELOPMENT ASSESSMENT
- PART 4A - CERTIFICATION OF DEVELOPMENT
- PART 4B - (REPEALED)
- PART 4C - LIABILITY AND INSURANCE
- PART 5 - ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
- PART 5A - (REPEALED)
- PART 6 - IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT
- PART 7 - FINANCE
- PART 7A - LIABILITY IN RESPECT OF CONTAMINATED LAND
- PART 8 - MISCELLANEOUS
Controversy over Part 3a
The Act gained considerable controversy with the introduction of section part 3a that effectively allowed the Planning Minister to declare a project as of “State significance” and assume direct approval delegation. Although it was introduced to streamline the planning process and fast track the assessment of large infrastructure projects, a public perception of its misuse was a significant factor in the defeat of the Keneally government.
Part 3a has now been repealed.
- Environmental Planning And Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) s79c
- What is Part3a