Environmental issues in Kyrgyzstan

The major environmental issues in Kyrgyzstan are summarized in the 2007 Concept of Ecological Security of Kyrgyz Republic[1] and discussed in other environmental and environmental policy documents such as National Environmental Action Plan (1995), Country Development Strategy for 2009–2011, Strategy on Biological Diversity (2002), 2nd Environmental Performance Review of Kyrgyzstan (2008), etc.

The Concept of Ecological Security considers environmental issues in Kyrgyzstan within the global, regional and national spheres of influence.

Global environmental issues in Kyrgyzstan

Global climate change, ozone layer depletion, desertification, and biodiversity loss are among global environmental issues presently on the agenda in Kyrgyzstan.

Regional environmental issues in Kyrgyzstan

National environmental issues

Industrial waste. Management of industrial waste is an issue in Kyrgyzstan. Some 92 mining sites that contain 250 million cubic meters of toxic and radioactive waste are located in Kyrgyzstan. From 1999 to 2007, the area occupied by these sites has increased from 189.3 hectares to 381 hectares.[9]
Municipal Solid Waste. Management of household waste do not comply with sanitary and environmental requirements, there is no adequate waste utilization. For example, Bishkek municipal landfill designed for 3.3 million cubic meters presently contains 24 million cubic meters of household waste.
Agricultural Waste. Agricultural waste is not managed in a proper way. Specifically, it relates to waste of large-scale farms.

The role of non-profit organizations

Environmental NGO's in Kyrgyzstan constantly assess the environmental problems, and keep track of it on EKOIS , a Kyrgyz Environmental News Service. The news is mainly in Russian, but English information is available as well.


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.

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