Environment of China

Satellite image of China.

The environment of China comprises diverse biotas, climates, and geologies. Rapid industrialization, population growth, and lax environmental oversight have caused many environmental issues and large-scale pollution.[1]


Main article: Geology of China



Main article: Wildlife of China
Panda in Sichuan.


Main article: Flora of China


Climate change

The position of the Chinese government on climate change is contentious. China is the world's current largest emitter of carbon dioxide although not the cumulative largest. China has ratified the Kyoto Protocol, but as a non-Annex I country is not required to limit greenhouse gas emissions under terms of the agreement.

Protected areas of China

There are several forms of protected areas in China.

Environmental issues

A Factory in China at Yangtze River
A large proportion of motor vehicles now sold in the cities of the Yangtze Delta are electric bicycles

Rapid industrialization, population growth, and lax environmental oversight have caused many environmental issues, such as large-scale pollution in China.[2] As of 2013 Beijing, which lies in a topographic bowl, has significant industry, and heats with coal, is subject to air inversions resulting in extremely high levels of pollution in winter months.[3]

In January 2013, fine airborne particulates that pose the largest health risks, rose as high as 993 micrograms per cubic meter in Beijing, compared with World Health Organization guidelines of no more than 25. The World Bank estimates that 16 of the world's most-polluted cities are located in China.[4]

According to Jared Diamond, the six main categories of environmental problems of China are: air pollution, water problems, soil problems, habitat destruction, biodiversity loss and mega projects.[5] And "China is noted for the frequency, number, extent, and damage of its natural disasters".[5]

See also


  1. Edward Wong (March 21, 2013). "As Pollution Worsens in China, Solutions Succumb to Infighting". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  2. Edward Wong (March 29, 2013). "Cost of Environmental Damage in China Growing Rapidly Amid Industrialization". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  3. "2 Major Air Pollutants Increase in Beijing". The New York Times. April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  4. Bloomberg News (14 January 2013). "Beijing Orders Official Cars Off Roads to Curb Pollution". Bloomberg. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  5. 1 2 Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Penguin Books, 2005 and 2011 (ISBN 9780241958681). See chapter 12 entitled "China, Lurching Giant" (pages 258-377).
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