Endocannabinoid reuptake inhibitor
Endocannabinoid uptake inhibitors that bind to fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) have been described. The inhibition of endocannabinoid reuptake raises the amount of those neurotransmitters available in the synaptic cleft and therefore increases neurotransmission. Following the increase of neurotransmission in the endocannabinoid system is the stimulation of its functions which, in humans, include: suppression of pain perception (analgesia), increased appetite, mood elevation and inhibition of short-term memory.
Use in medicine
Other than toxicity research and recreational use, eCBRIs could have some potential in fighting tumors and possibly cancer. A study done in 2004 on rats with thyroid tumors showed that reuptake inhibition of the endocannabinoid system using VDM-11 and AA-5-HT reduced the ultimate size of the tumors in the treated rats. These findings suggest that the use of cannabinoids and/or eCBR inhibitors could be used to effectively treat tumors and/or cancer, which only adds to the controversy around cannabinoids and the cannabis plant as medicine.
Examples of eCBRIs
- Endocannabinoid enhancer
- Endocannabinoid system
- Reuptake inhibitor
- Cannabinoid receptor antagonist
- Endocannabinoid transporters
- FAAH inhibitor
- MAGL inhibitor
- Berger WT, Ralph BP, Kaczocha M, Sun J, Balius TE, Rizzo RC, et al. (2012). "Targeting fatty acid binding protein (FABP) anandamide transporters - a novel strategy for development of anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive drugs". PLoS ONE. 7 (12): e50968. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050968. PMC 3517626. PMID 23236415.
- Costa B, Siniscalco D, Trovato AE, Comelli F, Sotgiu ML, Colleoni M, et al. (2006). "AM404, an inhibitor of anandamide uptake, prevents pain behaviour and modulates cytokine and apoptotic pathways in a rat model of neuropathic pain". Br. J. Pharmacol. 148 (7): 1022–32. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0706798. PMC 1751928. PMID 16770320.
- Bifulco M, Laezza C, Valenti M, Ligresti A, Portella G, DI Marzo V (2004). "A new strategy to block tumor growth by inhibiting endocannabinoid inactivation". FASEB J. 18 (13): 1606–8. doi:10.1096/fj.04-1754fje. PMID 15289448.
- Glaser ST, Kaczocha M, Deutsch DG. Anandamide transport: a critical review. Life Sci. 2005 Aug 19;77(14):1584-604. PMID 15979096