|Tenure||posthumously honoured as Empress|
17 February 1808|
Forbidden City, Beijing, China
22 September 1827|
Eastern Qing tombs (1827–1835)
Western Qing tombs (1835–present)
Niohuru (by birth)|
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
|Manchu script||ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠴᡳᠪᠰᡠᠩᡤᠣ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ|
|Romanization||hiyoošungga cibsunggo šanggan hūwangheo|
Empress Xiaomucheng was born in the Manchu Niohuru clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner. Her personal name is unknown. Her father was Buyandalai (布顏達賚), a third class duke who served as the Secretary of the Ministry of Revenue. She was first mentioned in historical records when she married Mianning on 22 December 1796.
Lady Niohuru did not have any children. She died in 1808 and was interred in the Eastern Qing tombs.
When Mianning succeeded his father in 1820 and was enthroned as the Daoguang Emperor, he granted Lady Niohuru the posthumous title "Empress Xiaomu". In 1828, there was a leak in the Eastern Qing tombs, resulting in flooding. In the following year, Lady Niohuru's casket was temporarily moved to the Baohua Ravine Hall (寶華峪正殿). In 1835, her casket was transferred to the Muling Mausoleum in the Western Qing tombs.
- Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645.
- Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).
House of Aisin-Gioro (1636-1912)Died: 1808
|Empress of China
title granted posthumously
| Succeeded by|