Empress Sun

Empress Xiaogongzhang

Empress Sun (1399–1462) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Ming Dynasty, married to the Xuande Emperor.


Sun came from present day Binzhou. She was the daughter of the official Sun Zhou Taichung. In 1417, she became one of the concubines of the crown prince, the future Xuande Emperor.

When Xuande became emperor in 1425, Sun was promoted to the title of Noble Consort. In 1427, she gave birth to a son. As the empress had not given birth to a son, the son of Sun was made crown prince. In 1428, Sun herself, the mother of the crown prince, was promoted to the position of empress.

Upon the death of Xuande in 1435, her son succeeded to the throne being still a minor. She was however not named regent; her power position as the mother of an under age monarch was, undermined by the influence of her mother-in-law, Empress Zhang (Hongxi), who became regent in her stead. In 1442, her son was declared of legal majority.



    Chinese royalty
    Preceded by
    Empress Gongrangzhang
    Empress of China
    Succeeded by
    Empress Xiaozhuangrui
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