Empress Wang (Southern Ming)

Letter from the Empress Dowager Helena Wang (the "honorary mother" of the Yongli Emperor) to the Pope with a request for help. November 1650. Latin translation by Michał Boym.

Empress Xiaogangkuang (died 1662) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Southern Ming Dynasty, empress to the Yongli Emperor. She converted to Roman Catholicism and adopted the name Anne.


Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoyixiang
Empress of Southern Ming
Dynasty Ended
Empress of China (Southern)
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaochengren
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