Empress Xiaochengren

Empress Xiaochengren
Empress Consort of the Qing dynasty
Tenure 1665 – 16 June 1674
Born (1653-11-26)26 November 1653
Died 16 June 1674(1674-06-16) (aged 20)
Forbidden City, Beijing, China
Spouse Kangxi Emperor
Issue Chenghu
Yinreng, Prince Li
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaocheng Gongsu Zhenghui Anhe Shuyi Kemin Litian Xiangsheng Ren
House Hešeri (by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Father Gabula
Empress Xiaochengren
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 孝誠仁皇后
Simplified Chinese 孝诚仁皇后
Lady Hešeri
Chinese 赫舍里氏
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᡠᠨᡝᠩᡤᡳ ᡤᠣᠰᡳᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanization hiyoošungga unenggi gosin hūwangheo

Empress Xiaochengren (Manchu: Hiyoošungga Unenggi Gosin Hūwanghu; 26 November 1653 – 16 June 1674) was the first Empress Consort of the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty. Dying at the age of 20, she was the most short-lived Empress of the Qing dynasty.


Empress Xiaochengren was born in the Manchu Hešeri clan. Her personal name is unknown. Her great-grandfather Shuose (碩色) and great-granduncle Hife (希福; 1589–1653) were both fluent in the Manchu, Mongol and Chinese languages and had served on the Deliberative Council of Princes and Ministers. Her grandfather. Sonin, was one of four regents who co-ruled with the Kangxi Emperor when the emperor was still underage. Her father, Gabula, served as a minister of internal security (領待衛內大臣). Her uncle, Songgotu (1636–1703), was a high-ranking official in the Kangxi Emperor's court. One of her younger sisters was also a consort of the Kangxi Emperor, and was known as "Consort Ping" (平妃).

Lady Hešeri married the Kangxi Emperor in 1665 when she was 12 and he was 11, and became his Empress Consort. In 1670, she gave birth to her first son, Chenghu (承祜; 1670–1672), who died before reaching adulthood. She died on 16 June 1674 in the Forbidden City shortly after giving birth to her second son, Yinreng (1674–1725).

After her death, the Kangxi Emperor left the position of Empress vacant for about three years before promoting one of his consorts, Lady Niohuru, to Empress in 1677.

See also


Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Consort Donggo
(Posthumous, Empress Xiaohuizhang actual predecessor)
Empress of China
1665 – 16 June 1674
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaozhaoren
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