Empress Dowager Wang (Southern Ming)

Letter from the Empress Dowager Helena Wang (the "honorary mother" of the Yongli Emperor) to the Pope with a request for help. November 1650. Latin translation by Michał Boym.

Empress Dowager Wang (c. 1594? – 1651), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Dowager Xiaozheng (孝正太后), was an empress dowager of the Southern Ming Dynasty. She was the main consort of Zhu Changying, Prince of Gui, the father of the Yongli Emperor. She converted to Roman Catholicism and adopted the name Helena.[1]


  1. Struve, Lynn A. "Wang, Empress Dowager, of late Ming". In Lee, Lily Xiao Hong; Stefanowska, A. D. 中國婦女傳記詞典. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. pp. 206–208. ISBN 978-0-7656-1827-6.
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