Elections in Haiti
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The latest presidential election took place on November 28, 2010, with a run-off election taking place on March 20, 2011.
No candidate received a majority of the vote cast in the first-round election. A second round was scheduled for March 20, 2011 with the two highest vote-getters, Mirlande Manigat and Jude Célestin. Protests claiming fraudulent voting resulted in the electoral commission removing Célestin from the race. This promoted Martelly from his original third-place finish in the first-round, to face Manigat in the run-off.
|Candidates||Nominating parties||First round||Second round|
|Michel Martelly||Peasant Response||234,617||21.84||716,986||67.57|
|Mirlande Manigat||Rally of Progressive National Democrats||336,878||31.37||336,747||31.74|
|Jean-Henry Céant||Renmen Ayiti||87,834||8.18|
|Jacques-Édouard Alexis||Mobilization for the Progress of Haiti||32,932||3.07|
|Charles Henri Baker||Respect||25,512||2.38|
|Jean Chavannes Jeune||Christian Citizens' Alliance for the Reconstruction of Haiti||19,348||1.80|
|Yves Cristalin||Lavni Organization||17,133||1.60|
|Leslie Voltaire||Ansanm Nou Fò||16,199||1.51|
|Anne Marie Josette Bijou||Independent||10,782||1.00|
|Wilson Jeudy||Force 2010||6,076||0.57|
|Yvon Neptune||Ayisyen Pou Ayiti||4,217||0.39|
|Jean Hector Anacacis||Democratic Movement of the Haitian Youth||4,165||0.39|
|Léon Jeune||Rally for Economic Liberation||3,738||0.35|
|Axan Delson Abellard||National Rally for the Development of Haiti||3,110||0.29|
|Garaudy Laguerre||Wozo Movement||2,802||0.26|
|Gérard Marie Necker Blot||Platfom 16 Desanm||2,621||0.24|
|Eric Smarki Charles||Party for Haitian National Evolution||2,597||0.24|
|Total votes (turnout: 22.79%/22.52%)||1,074,056||100.00||1,061,089||100.00|
|Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive, Provisional Electoral Council, Provisional Electoral Council|
2010 and following
The last presidential election was held on 28 November 2010 with a runoff on 20 March 2011. Michel Martelly won the runoff election held on 20 March 2011 with 67.6% of the vote against 31.7% for Mirlande Manigat and was sworn into office on 14 May 2011. The next presidential election is to be held in 2015. A president may not serve consecutive terms.
The President named as Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe, who was subsequently ratified by the National Assembly. Prime Minister Lamothe took office on 16 May 2012. He subsequently resigned in 2014 after a series of protests.
The bicameral National Assembly of Haiti (Assemblée Nationale) consists of the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) and the Senate (Sénat). The Chamber of Deputies has ninety-nine members, who are elected by popular vote for four-year terms. The Senate consists of thirty members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms, with one third elected every two years. The last elections were held on 28 November 2010 with run-off elections on 20 March 2011.
Election results: 2010 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Inite 6, ALTENATIV 4, LAVNI 1; 2010 Chamber of Deputies- percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Inite 32, Altenativ 11, Ansanm Nou Fo 10, AAA 8, LAVNI 7, RASANBLE 4, KONBIT 3, MOCHRENA 3, Platforme Liberation 3, PONT 3, Repons Peyizan 3, Independent 2, MAS 2, MODELH-PRDH 1, PLAPH 1, RESPE 1, Veye Yo 1, vacant 4.
The next Senate election, for one third of the seats, was to be held in 2012 but was not called. On 22 November 2013, President Martelly convened an extraordinary session of the National Assembly and a bill respecting elections was passed, paving the way for the overdue and scheduled elections.
In January 2015, after a series of disputed, unconstitutional, electoral commissions named by President Martelly were rejected by the legislature, a Provisional Elections Committee was inaugurated and began planning presidential and parliamentary elections later in 2015.
Past elections and referendums
- "Michel Martelly Wins Haiti's Presidential Election: Report". The Huffington Post. 2011-04-04. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Haiti Making Progress towards Critical 2015 Elections, Special Representative Tells Security Council". United Nations.
- "Government's candidate out of presidential election". Washington Times. 3 Feb 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- Central Intelligence Agency (31 October 2013). "The World Factbook: Haiti". Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "Haiti - Elections: Soon of Elections in Haiti". Haiti Libre. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Charles, Jacqueline (23 January 2015). "Haiti installs new electoral board hours before U.N. Security Council delegation arrives". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Fajana, Morenike; Phillips, Nicole (21 January 2015). "No Cheerleading for Martelly". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Adam Carr's Election Archive
- International Mission for Monitoring Haitian Elections
- IFES Observer Mission in Haiti Photo Gallery
- European Union Election Observation Mission to Haiti (in French)