Ederena is a red French wine grape variety that is a crossing of the Bordeaux wine grape Merlot and the Southwest France variety Abouriou. The grape was created in 1952 at the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) center in Bordeaux. In the United States, Ederena is being cultivated by E & J Gallo Winery and the University of California, Davis in the San Joaquin Valley. There is also some plantings of the grape in Switzerland.
The name Ederena comes from the Basque ederrena which means "the most beautiful".
Though it originated in France, there are very few plantings of Ederena in the country with less than 1 hectare (2.5 acres) of the grape cultivated in 2008. The variety was brought to the United States by Sunridge Nurseries in Bakersfield, California and is today being propagated in experimental plantings in the San Joaquin Valley by the Gallo winery and the University of California, Davis.
Ederena has no known synonyms recognized by Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) however in some wine texts the grape's name is spelled as Édéréna.