Duke of Galliera

Current arms of the Ducal House of Galliera.

The Dukedom of Galliera was an Italian noble title created in 1812 by Emperor Napoleon I of France for Josephine of Leuchtenberg, daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais and granddaughter of Napoleon's first wife Josephine, which she kept even after her marriage with Oscar, Crown Prince of Sweden. The name refers to the comune of Galliera, located in the Province of Bologna in Emilia–Romagna. Napoleon had already given her the Palazzo Caprara in Bologna in 1807, which was renamed the Palazzo Galliera.

In 1837, after a decade of negotiations, Prince Oscar sold properties attached to the dukedom to Marquis Raffaele de Ferrari of Genoa. The following year, he received the title of Duke of Galliera from Pope Gregory XVI. In 1839, King Charles Albert of Sardinia confirmed the grant to the marquis and added the title of Prince of Lucedio.

With his wife, Maria Brignole-Sale, the new Duke of Galliera had three children, but two of them died young and childless. The third, the famous philatelist Philipp von Ferrary, renounced the title and inheritance to which it was linked.

In 1877, after the death of her husband, Maria Brignole-Sale, fervent Orléanist, bequeathed his Italian properties to the Duke of Montpensier, youngest son of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French. After the death of the duchess in 1888 the prince received from King Umberto I of Italy the ducal title. From then, the title Duke of Galliera has belonged to the Orleans branch of the Spanish Royal Family, although the properties attached to the dukedom were sold by the 4th Duke in 1920.

Bernadotte-Leuchtenberg dukes

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
14 March 1807
eldest daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria
19 June 1823
five children
7 June 1876
aged 69
4 July 1799
only son of Charles XIV John of Sweden and Désirée Clary
8 July 1859
aged 60

Ferrari Brignole-Sale dukes

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Raffaele de Ferrari
Image 6 July 1803
son of Andrea de Ferrari and Livia Ignazia Pallavicino
c. 1828
three children
23 November 1876
aged 73
Maria de Brignole-Sale
5 April 1811
daughter of Antoine Brignole-Sale, Marchese di Groppoli and Arthemisa Negrone de Gênes
9 December 1888
aged 76

Orléans dukes

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Antoine
31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine
fifth son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
10 October 1846
ten children
4 February 1890
Palacio de Orleans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda
aged 65
Infante Antonio
23 February 1866
only surviving son of Antoine and Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
Infanta Eulalia of Spain
6 March 1886
three children
24 December 1930
aged 64
Infante Alfonso
12 November 1886
eldest son of Antonio and Infanta Eulalia of Spain
Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
15 July 1909
St. Augustine's Church, Coburg
three children
6 August 1975
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
aged 88
Infante Alvaro
20 April 1910
eldest son of Alfonso and Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Carla Parodi-Delfino
10 July 1937
four children
22 August 1997
Monte Carlo
aged 87
Don Alfonso
5 January 1968
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
eldest son of Don Alonso de Orléans-Borbón y Parodi Delfino and Emilia Ferrara-Pignatelli
Véronique Goeders
28 March 1994
one son

See also

Notes and references

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