Districts of Preston
Preston is a city of Lancashire, England. The districts of Preston vary in size and shape, many of which reflect the districts developed from former villages and boroughs which now lie within the boundaries of the city of Preston. Districts of Preston have little administrative purpose: for local elections voters in each return either two, or three, councillors to Town Hall. For the purposes of national General elections, the parliamentary constituencies representing the city use the electoral districts as "building bricks"
Present day divisions
The City of Preston is divided into 22 wards, which are used in the creation of "Area Forums", local consultative bodies organised by city council; and also the composition of parliamentary constituencies.
Electors in each ward return two, or three, electors to Town Hall in elections, results of which can be found at Preston local elections.
Since 2010, the City of Preston has been covered by three parliamentary constituencies, Preston, Wyre and Preston North and Fylde. Those wards formerly within the Ribble Valley constituency, on the whole, now form the southern flank of the newly created constituency of Wyre and Preston North.
The wards are used to build electoral divisions for elections to Lancashire County Council. The unparished area of Preston (or urban core) had a population of 122,719 in 2011 and did not include the wards Preston Rural North, Preston Rural East and Lea. The wider city and non metropolitan district had a population of 140,202 in the same census.
|Parishes||Other places|| Parliamentary|
|1. Preston Rural North||Rural||1a. Barton||Newsham|| Wyre and|
|1b. Goosnargh||Beacon Fell, Inglewhite, Whitechapel|
|1c. Whittingham||Goosnargh, Cumeragh Village|
|1d. Woodplumpton||Catforth, Eaves, Higher Bartle, Nog Tow|
|2. Preston Rural East||2a. Broughton||Fernyhalgh|
|2c. Haighton||Cow Hill, Haighton Green, Haighton Top|
|3. Cadley|| North
|5. Garrison||Fulwood Row, Ladyewell|
|6. Sharoe Green||Sherwood|
|8. Deepdale||East||Holme Slack||Preston|
|9. Moor Park||Central|
|10. St George's||Adelphi|
|11. Tulketh||Lane Ends, Maudlands|
|12. University||Adelphi, Maudlands|
|13. Riversway||Broadgate, Christ Church|
|14. Town Centre||Avenham, Frenchwood, Winckley Square|
|15. Fishwick||East||Farringdon Park|
|16. St Matthew's|
|18. Ribbleton||Farringdon Park, Grange, Red Scar, Ribbleton Hall|
|21. Ingol||Ingol and Tanterton||Tanterton|
|22. Lea||Lea||Cottam, Lea Town||Fylde|
The wards of Preston Rural North, Preston Rural East and Lea are parished: they contain parish councils with their own structure and elected councillors. All the other wards lie in an unparished area and are governed directly by Preston City Council.
Comparison of areas called "Preston"
The name "Preston" is associated with a number of different areas that are related to the city:
|Name||Preston||City of Preston||Preston conurbation||Preston Urban Area||Preston Metropolitan Area||PRESTON|| PR postcode area|
also known as Preston postcode area
shown within the City of Preston
shown with the parishes of the City of Preston
shown within Central Lancashire
shown within the PR postcode area
|Type||unparished area||local government district||conurbation||ONS urban area||metropolitan area||post town||postcode area|
|Extent|| Preston city centre,
(Ingol until 2012)
| Preston (unparished area),
Ingol and Tanterton,
|urban parts of:||the five conurbations:|| City of Preston,
eastern half of Wyre,
eastern half of Fylde,
north east part of West Lancashire,
western fringes of Ribble Valley
|postcode districts PR1–PR5|| post towns:
- City of Preston: 129,633. "Neighbourhood Statistics: Preston (Local Authority)", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
The population for the unparished area of Preston is calculated by subtracting the populations of the three rural Middle Layer Super Output Areas, Preston 001 (5,472), Preston 002 (6,347) and Preston 010 (5,795).
"Preston 001 (Middle Layer Super Output Area)", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
"Preston 002 (Middle Layer Super Output Area)", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
"Preston 010 (Middle Layer Super Output Area)", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Neighbourhood Statistics: Preston (Local Authority)", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- (2004) “Census 2001: Key Statistics for urban areas in the North“, ‘‘Office for National Statistics‘‘, ISBN 0-11-621744-8 , Table KS01, p.24. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "British urban pattern: population data" (pdf). ESPON project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions. European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. p. 119. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- Coombes, Mike and Bond, Steve, Travel-to-Work Areas: the 2007 review, Office for National Statistics, ISBN 978-1-85774-676-1, Map 12, p.37. Retrieved 16 January 2012