# Dirac Medal

The **Dirac Prize** is the name of four prominent awards in the field of theoretical physics, computational chemistry, and mathematics, awarded by different organizations, named in honour of Professor Paul Dirac, one of the great theoretical physicists of the 20th century.

## The Dirac Medal and Lecture (University of New South Wales)

The first-established prize is the Dirac Medal for the Advancement of Theoretical Physics, awarded by the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, jointly with the Australian Institute of Physics on the occasion of the public Dirac Lecture. The Lecture and the Medal commemorate the visit to the university in 1975 of Professor Dirac, who gave five lectures there. The lectures were subsequently published as a book *Directions of Physics* (Wiley, 1978 – H. Hora and J. Shepanski, eds.). Professor Dirac donated the royalties from this book to the University for the establishment of the Dirac Lecture series. The prize includes a silver medal and honorarium. It was first awarded in 1979.

### Recipients

- 1979 Hannes Alfven
- 1981 John Clive Ward
- 1983 Nicolaas Bloembergen
- 1985 David Pines
- 1987 Robert Hofstadter
- 1988 Klaus von Klitzing
- 1989 Carlo Rubbia & Kenneth G. Wilson
- 1990 Norman F. Ramsey
- 1991 Herbert A. Hauptman
- 1992 Wolfgang Paul
- 1996 Edwin Salpeter
- 1998 David Deutsch
- 2002 Heinrich Hora
- 2003 Edward Shuryak
- 2004 Iosif Khriplovich
- 2006 Sir Roger Penrose
- 2008 Harald Fritzsch
- 2010 E. C. George Sudarshan
^{[1]} - 2011 Lord May of Oxford
^{[2]} - 2012 Brian Schmidt
- 2013 Sir Michael Pepper
- 2014 Serge Haroche
- 2015 Subir Sachdev
- 2016 Kenneth Freeman

## Dirac Medal of the ICTP

The **Dirac Medal of the ICTP** is given each year by the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in honour of physicist P.A.M. Dirac. The award, given each year on August 8 (Dirac's birthday), was first awarded in 1985.

An international committee of distinguished scientists selects the winners from a list of nominated candidates. The Committee invites nominations from scientists working in the fields of theoretical physics or mathematics.

The Dirac Medal of the ICTP is not awarded to Nobel Laureates, Fields Medalists, or Wolf Prize winners. However, several Dirac Medallists have subsequently won one of these awards.

The medallists also receive a prize of US$5,000.

### Recipients

- 1985 Edward Witten, Yakov Zel'dovich
- 1986 Alexander Polyakov, Yoichiro Nambu
- 1987 Bruno Zumino, Bryce DeWitt
- 1988 David J. Gross, Efim S. Fradkin
- 1989 John H. Schwarz, Michael Green
- 1990 Ludwig Faddeev, Sidney R. Coleman
- 1991 Jeffrey Goldstone, Stanley Mandelstam
- 1992 Nikolai Bogoliubov, Yakov G. Sinai
- 1993 Daniel Z. Freedman, Peter van Nieuwenhuizen, Sergio Ferrara
- 1994 Frank Wilczek
- 1995 Michael Berry
- 1996 Martinus J.G. Veltman, Tullio Regge
- 1997 David Olive, Peter Goddard
- 1998 Roman Jackiw, Stephen L. Adler
- 1999 Giorgio Parisi
- 2000 Helen Quinn, Howard Georgi, Jogesh Pati
- 2001 John Hopfield
- 2002 Alan Guth, Andrei Linde, Paul Steinhardt
- 2003 Robert Kraichnan, Vladimir E. Zakharov
- 2004 Curtis Callan, James Bjorken
- 2005 Patrick A. Lee, Sir Samuel Frederick Edwards
- 2006 Peter Zoller
- 2007 Jean Iliopoulos, Luciano Maiani
- 2008 Joe Polchinski, Juan Maldacena, Cumrun Vafa
- 2009 Roberto Car, Michele Parrinello
- 2010 Nicola Cabibbo, George Sudarshan
- 2011 Édouard Brézin, John Cardy, Alexander Zamolodchikov
- 2012 Duncan Haldane, Charles Kane, Shoucheng Zhang
- 2013 Tom W. B. Kibble, Jim Peebles, Martin John Rees
^{[3]} - 2014 Ashoke Sen, Andrew Strominger, Gabriele Veneziano
^{[4]} - 2015 Alexei Kitaev, Greg Moore, Nicholas Read
^{[5]} - 2016 Nathan Seiberg, Mikhail Shifman, Arkady Vainshtein

## Dirac Medal of the IOP

The **Dirac Medal** is awarded annually by the Institute of Physics ( Britain's and Ireland's main professional body for physicists) for "outstanding contributions to theoretical (including mathematical and computational) physics". The award, which includes a silver gilt medal and a £1000 prize, was decided upon by the Institute of Physics in 1985, and first granted in 1987.

### Recipients

- 1987 Stephen Hawking
- 1988 John Stewart Bell
- 1989 Roger Penrose
- 1990 Michael Berry
- 1991 Rudolf Peierls
- 1992 Anthony Leggett
- 1993 David Thouless
- 1994 Volker Heine
- 1995 Daniel Walls
- 1996 John Pendry
- 1997 Peter Higgs
- 1998 David Deutsch
- 1999 Ian Percival
- 2000 John Cardy
- 2001 Brian Ridley
- 2002 John Hannay
- 2003 Christopher Hull
- 2004 Michael Green
- 2005 John Ellis - King's College London
- 2006 Mike Gillan
- 2007 David Sherrington
- 2008 Bryan Webber
- 2009 Michael Cates
- 2010 James Binney
- 2011 Christopher Isham
- 2012 Graham Garland Ross
^{[6]} - 2013 Stephen M. Barnett
- 2014 Tim Palmer
^{[7]} - 2015 John Barrow
- 2016 Sandu Popescu

## Dirac Medal of the WATOC

The **Dirac Medal** is awarded annually by The World Association of Theoretical and Computational Chemists "for the outstanding computational chemist in the world under the age of 40". The award was first granted in 1998.

### Recipients

- 1998 Timothy J. Lee
- 1999 Peter M. W. Gill
- 2000 Jiali Gao
- 2001 Martin Kaupp
- 2002 Jerzy Cioslowski
- 2003 Peter Schreiner
- 2004 Jan Martin
- 2005 Ursula Roethlisberger
- 2006 Lucas Visscher
- 2007 Anna Krylov
- 2008 Kenneth Ruud
- 2009 Jeremy Harvey
- 2010 Daniel Crawford
- 2011 Leticia González
- 2012 Paul Ayers
- 2013 Filipp Furche
- 2014 Denis Jacquemin
- 2015 Edward Valeev
^{[8]}

## See also

## References

- ↑ E. C. George Sudarshan
- ↑ Dirac Medal UNSW & AIP
- ↑ Dirac Medal of the ICTP - The Medallists
- ↑
- ↑
- ↑ Recipients of the Dirac medal of the Institute of Physics
- ↑ "2014 Dirac medal". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 2014-12-07.
- ↑ Dirac Medal of WATOC