Demographics of Syria
|Demographics of Syria|
Population density, 1993
|Nationality||noun: Syrian(s) adjective: Syrian|
In 2011, the Syrian population was estimated at roughly 23 million permanent inhabitants, including people with refugee status from Palestine and Iraq and are an overall indigenous Levantine people. While most modern-day Syrians are commonly described as Arabs by virtue of their modern-day language and bonds to Arab culture and history, they are, in fact, largely a blend of the various Semitic-speaking groups indigenous to the region.
There has been no Syrian census including a question about religion since 1960, these are thus the last official statistics available. In the next census of 1970, the religion statistics were no longer mentioned.: 92.1% Muslims(4,053,349) including 75% Sunnis, 11% Alawis, 3% Druzes; 7.8% Christians (344,621) and 0.1% Jews (4,860).
Arabic is the official, and most widely spoken, language. Arabic speakers make up 85% of the population (this includes some 500,000 Palestinians). Many educated Syrians also speak English and French. The Kurds, a majority of whom speak Kurdish, make up 9% of the population and live mostly in the northeast corner of Syria, as well in pockets all along the northern borders of Syria with Turkey, and demographically dominate the district of Afrin, west of Aleppo, though sizable Kurdish communities live in most major Syrian cities as well. Armenian and Turkmen are spoken among the small Armenian and Turkmen populations respectively. Aramaic is still spoken in two forms, the Syriac used by Assyrians and Western Neo-Aramaic used by a few inhabitants in the villages of Bakh'a, Jubb'adin and Ma'loula. 1,500 people of Greek descent lived in Syria. The majority of them were Syrian citizens.
60% of the population live in the Aleppo Governorate, the Euphrates valley or along the coastal plain; a fertile strip between the coastal mountains and the desert. Overall population density is about 118.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (306/sq mi). Education is free and compulsory from ages 6 to 11. Schooling consists of 6 years of primary education followed by a 3-year general or vocational training period and a 3-year academic or vocational program. The second 3-year period of academic training is required for university admission. Total enrollment at post-secondary schools is over 150,000. The literacy rate of Syrians aged 15 and older is 86.0% for males and 73.6% for females.
Civil war's effect on population
The war also affected the birth rate. The annual birth rate in Syria has fallen by more than half since the country plunged into turmoil in March 2011, from about 500,000 births per year before 2011, to about 200,000.
|Period||Live births per year||Deaths per year||Natural change per year||CBR1||CDR1||NC1||TFR1||IMR1|
|1950–1955||187 000||75 000||112 000||51.2||20.5||30.6||7.23||180.1|
|1955–1960||212 000||77 000||136 000||50.1||18.1||32.0||7.38||150.5|
|1960–1965||241 000||76 000||165 000||48.5||15.3||33.3||7.54||121.8|
|1965–1970||275 000||74 000||201 000||46.8||12.5||34.2||7.56||98.8|
|1970–1975||322 000||70 000||252 000||46.3||10.1||36.2||7.54||77.3|
|1975–1980||373 000||69 000||304 000||45.4||8.3||37.0||7.32||63.1|
|1980–1985||417 000||66 000||351 000||42.8||6.7||36.1||6.77||49.9|
|1985–1990||440 000||61 000||379 000||38.4||5.3||33.1||5.87||36.2|
|1990–1995||441 000||58 000||383 000||33.3||4.3||28.9||4.80||26.1|
|1995–2000||447 000||58 000||389 000||29.7||3.8||25.8||3.96||20.8|
|2000–2005||451 000||62 000||389 000||26.2||3.6||22.6||3.39||17.4|
|2005–2010||465 000||69 000||396 000||23.9||3.5||20.4||3.10||15.0|
|1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births|
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
17,951,639 in 2014, a massive decline due to nearly 4 million Syrian refugees leaving the country because of the Syrian Civil War and furthermore because of the death in the war. This is a drop of 9.7% from the previous year.
35.2% (male 4,066,109/female 3,865,817)
15–64 years: 61% (male 6,985,067/female 6,753,619)
65 years and older: 3.8% (male 390,802/female 456,336) (2011 est.)
21 years male
21.7 years female
22.1 years (2011 est.)
Population decline rate
0.797% (2012 est.)
2.35 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
3.67 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate
-27.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and older: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
male: 69.8 years
female: 72.68 years (2009 est.)
- Islam 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%)
- Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian),
- Druze 3%,
definition: age 15 and older can read and write
- total population: 79.6% (2004 census)
- male: 86.0%
- female: 73.6%
- urban population: 56% of total population (2010)
- rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population
As of 2011:
- Aleppo: 3.164 million
- Damascus (capital): 2.65 million
- Homs: 1.369 million
- Hama: 933,000
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