Democratic Coalition (Spain)

Democratic Coalition
Coalición Democrática
Leader Manuel Fraga
Founded December 16, 1978 (1978-12-16)
Dissolved 1982
Merger of People's Alliance
Liberal Citizens Action
Democratic Progressive Party
Renovación Española
People's Party of Catalonia
Headquarters Madrid
Ideology Conservatism
Spanish nationalism
Political position Right-wing to centre-right

Democratic Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Democrática, CD) was a Spanish electoral coalition formed in December 1978 to contest the general election the following year, after the approval of the Constitution.


In the first weeks, the coalition -after its foundation on 16 December 1978- adopted the names Spanish Democratic Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Democrática Española) or Democratic Progressive Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Demócrata Progresista)[1] before changing its name to Democratic Coalition on 9 January 1979.[2]

Alfonso Osorio and José María de Areilza had been ministers in the UCD governments, who resigned at them at different times because of disagreements with President Adolfo Suárez. The presidential candidate of the government was Manuel Fraga.

It won 9 seats in the Congress of Deputies, nearly half of its predecessor, People's Alliance, had obtained in the 1977 elections. Given the dismal results, Fraga resigned as leader of the coalition and went solo in front of People's Alliance.

In the case of the 1979 municipal elections, Democratic Coalition withdrew in March of that year their lists of candidates for Madrid, Aviles, Cordoba, Bilbao and other cities.[3][4]

The parliamentary group of Democratic Coalition continued as such until the 1982 general elections. In that year, People's Alliance formed with other parties a broad coalition that would later be known as the People's Coalition.


The coalition brought together at the time of the 1979 election to various center-right parties:

Electoral performance

Cortes Generales

Election Leader Votes % # Seats Outcome Notes
Congress Senate
1979 Manuel Fraga 1,094,438 6.08 #4
9 / 350
3 / 207
UCD minority Includes AP, ACL and PDP


  1. "Hoy se formaliza la Confederación Demócrata Progresista". El País (in Spanish). 16 December 1978. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  2. "Coalición Democrática, nombre definitivo". ABC (in Spanish). 10 January 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  3. "Retiradas parciales de CD en Córdoba, Vizcaya y Asturias". El País (in Spanish). 15 March 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  4. "La retirada de CD en Madrid ya es oficial". El País (in Spanish). 16 March 1979. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  5. Ministerio del Interior de España. "Partidos políticos con representación parlamentaria" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 March 2016.
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