|Conway notation||oC or deC|
|Vertices||26 = 6 + 8 + 12|
|Symmetry group||Oh, BC3, [4,3], *432|
|Rotation group||O, [4,3]+, (432)|
arccos(−7 + 4√/)
In geometry, a deltoidal icositetrahedron (also a trapezoidal icositetrahedron, tetragonal icosikaitetrahedron, and strombic icositetrahedron) is a Catalan solid which looks a bit like an overinflated cube. Its dual polyhedron is the rhombicuboctahedron.
The 24 faces are kites. The short and long edges of each kite are in the ratio 1:(2 − 1/) ≈ 1:893... 1.292
If its smallest edges have length 1, its surface area is and its volume is .
Occurrences in nature and culture
The deltoidal icositetrahedron is a crystal habit often formed by the mineral analcime and occasionally garnet. The shape is often called a trapezohedron in mineral contexts, although in solid geometry that name has another meaning.
The deltoidal icositetrahedron has three symmetry positions, all centered on vertices:
The great triakis octahedron is a stellation of the deltoidal icositetrahedron.
The deltoidal icositetrahedron is topologically equivalent to a cube whose faces are divided in quadrants. It can also be projected onto a regular octahedron, with kite faces, or more general quadrilaterals with pyritohedral symmetry. In Conway polyhedron notation, they represent an ortho operation to a cube or octahedron.
In crystallography a rotational variation is called a dyakis dodecahedron or diploid.
|Octahedral, Oh, order 24||Pyritohedral, Th, order 12|
Related polyhedra and tilings
The deltoidal icositetrahedron is one of a family of duals to the uniform polyhedra related to the cube and regular octahedron.
|Uniform octahedral polyhedra|
|Symmetry: [4,3], (*432)||[4,3]+
|[1+,4,3] = [3,3]
|Duals to uniform polyhedra|
This polyhedron is topologically related as a part of sequence of deltoidal polyhedra with face figure (V3.4.n.4), and continues as tilings of the hyperbolic plane. These face-transitive figures have (*n32) reflectional symmetry.
- Deltoidal hexecontahedron
- Tetrakis hexahedron, another 24-face Catalan solid which looks a bit like an overinflated cube.
- "The Haunter of the Dark", a story by H.P. Lovecraft, whose plot involves this figure
- Williams, Robert (1979). The Geometrical Foundation of Natural Structure: A Source Book of Design. Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-23729-X. (Section 3-9)
- Wenninger, Magnus (1983), Dual Models, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-54325-5, MR 730208 (The thirteen semiregular convex polyhedra and their duals, Page 23, Deltoidal icositetrahedron)
- The Symmetries of Things 2008, John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 21, Naming the Archimedean and Catalan polyhedra and tilings, page 286, tetragonal icosikaitetrahedron)
- Eric W. Weisstein, Deltoidal icositetrahedron (Catalan solid) at MathWorld.
- Deltoidal (Trapezoidal) Icositetrahedron – Interactive Polyhedron model