Declare the chair vacant
In disciplinary procedures, the motion to declare the chair vacant is used as a remedy to misconduct or dereliction of duty by the chair of a deliberative assembly, when the rules allow it. It is usually combined with a motion to elect a new chair.
Explanation and use
Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised allows this motion to be used if the offending occupant of the chair is not the regular presiding officer of a society, in which case it is a question of privilege affecting the assembly. If the chair is the regular presiding officer, the motion to declare the chair vacant cannot be used. However, the assembly could temporarily remove the chair for the meeting using a suspension of the rules. The bylaws of the organization would determine how to permanently remove the officer.
Demeter's Manual states that the procedure is to either bring charges against him for neglect of duty as presiding officer or abolish his term of office by amending the bylaws with due notice to all members; either of these methods requires a two-thirds vote.
Mason's Manual provides, "A presiding officer who has been elected by the house may be removed by the house upon a majority vote of all the members elected, and a new presiding officer pro tempore elected and qualified. When there is no fixed term of office, an officer holds office at the pleasure of the body, or until a successor is elected and qualified."
An attempt was made to depose Joseph Gurney Cannon as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives in 1910, and another in 2015 for John Boehner using this motion. A similar motion was introduced in the Texas legislature to remove Tom Craddick.
- Robert, Henry M.; et al. (2011). Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Da Capo Press. pp. 651–652. ISBN 978-0-306-82020-5.
- Robert 2011, p. 652
- "2006-2: Suspend the Rules to Remove President". The Official Robert's Rules of Order Web Site. The Robert's Rules Association. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- "Frequently Asked Questions about RONR (Question 20)". The Official Robert's Rules of Order Web Site. The Robert's Rules Association. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- Demeter, George (1969). Demeter's Manual of Parliamentary Law and Procedure, Blue Book, p. 264
- National Conference of State Legislatures (2000). Mason's Manual of Legislative Procedure, 2000 ed., p. 423
- "CANNON LASHES HIS FOES.; Pours Out Bitterness at Dinner After the Fight". The New York Times. 1910-03-21. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- DeBonis, Mike (2015-07-28). "GOP congressman launches bid to oust John Boehner as House speaker". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- Barone, Michael (September 25, 2015). "Reflections on Speaker John Boehner and the House Republicans". American Enterprise Institute (AEI). Washington Examiner. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- Nassar, George (May 27, 2007). "Power Derived, Power Assumed". www.thetexasblue.com. The Texas Blue. Retrieved 2016-02-05.