David Daniel Kaminsky|
January 18, 1911
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
March 3, 1987 76) (aged|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Sylvia Fine (m. 1940)|
David Daniel Kaminsky (January 18, 1911 – March 3, 1987), better known by his screen name Danny Kaye, was an American actor, singer, dancer, comedian, and musician. His performances featured physical comedy, idiosyncratic pantomimes, and rapid-fire novelty songs.
Kaye starred in 17 movies, notably Wonder Man (1945), The Kid from Brooklyn (1946), The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947), The Inspector General (1949), Hans Christian Andersen (1952), White Christmas (1954), and The Court Jester (1956). His films were popular, especially his performances of patter songs and favorites such as "Inchworm" and "The Ugly Duckling". He was the first ambassador-at-large of UNICEF in 1954 and received the French Legion of Honour in 1986 for his years of work with the organization.
David Daniel Kaminsky was born to Ukrainian Jewish immigrants in Brooklyn on January 18, 1911 (though he would later say 1913). Kaye was the youngest of three children born to Jacob and Clara Nemerovsky Kaminsky. Jacob and Clara and their two sons, Larry and Mac, left Dnipropetrovsk two years before his birth; he was the only son born in the United States.
He attended Public School 149 in East New York, Brooklyn—which eventually was renamed to honor him—where he began entertaining his classmates with songs and jokes, — before moving to Thomas Jefferson High School, though he never graduated.
His mother died when he was in his early teens. Not long after his mother's death, Kaye and his friend Louis ran away to Florida. Kaye sang while Louis played the guitar; the pair eked out a living for a while. When Kaye returned to New York, his father did not pressure him to return to school or work, giving his son the chance to mature and discover his own abilities. Kaye said that as a young boy he had wanted to be a surgeon, but the family could not afford a medical school education.
He held a succession of jobs after leaving school, as a soda jerk, insurance investigator, and office clerk. Most ended with his being fired. He lost the insurance job when he made an error that cost the insurance company $40,000. The dentist who hired him to look after his office at lunch hour did the same when he found Kaye using his drill on the office woodwork. He learned his trade in his teenage years in the Catskills as a tummler in the Borscht Belt.
Kaye's first break came in 1933 when he joined the "Three Terpsichoreans", a vaudeville dance act. They opened in Utica, New York, where he used the name Danny Kaye for the first time. The act toured the United States, then performed in Asia with the show La Vie Paree. The troupe left for a six-month tour of the Far East on February 8, 1934. While they were in Osaka, Japan, a typhoon hit the city. The hotel where Kaye and his colleagues stayed suffered heavy damage. The strong wind hurled a piece of the hotel's cornice into Kaye's room; had he been hit, he might well have been killed. By performance time that evening, the city was in the grip of the storm. There was no power, and the audience was restless and nervous. To calm them, Kaye went on stage, holding a flashlight to illuminate his face, and sang every song he could recall as loudly as he was able. The experience of trying to entertain audiences who did not speak English inspired him to the pantomime, gestures, songs, and facial expressions that eventually made his reputation. Sometimes he found pantomime necessary when ordering a meal. Kaye's daughter, Dena, tells a story her father related about being in a restaurant in China and trying to order chicken. Kaye flapped his arms and clucked, giving the waiter an imitation of a chicken. The waiter nodded in understanding, bringing Kaye two eggs. His interest in cooking began on the tour.
When Kaye returned to the United States, jobs were in short supply and he struggled for bookings. One job was working in a burlesque revue with fan dancer Sally Rand. After the dancer dropped a fan while trying to chase away a fly, Kaye was hired to watch the fans so they were always held in front of her.
Danny Kaye made his film debut in a 1935 comedy short Moon Over Manhattan. In 1937 he signed with New York–based Educational Pictures for a series of two-reel comedies. Kaye usually played a manic, dark-haired, fast-talking Russian in these low-budget shorts, opposite young hopefuls June Allyson or Imogene Coca. The Kaye series ended abruptly when the studio shut down in 1938. He was working in the Catskills in 1937 under the name Danny Kolbin.
His next venture was a short-lived Broadway show, with Sylvia Fine as the pianist, lyricist and composer. The Straw Hat Revue opened on September 29, 1939, and closed after ten weeks, but critics took notice of Kaye's work. The reviews brought an offer for both Kaye and his bride, Sylvia, to work at La Martinique, a New York City nightclub. Kaye performed with Sylvia as his accompanist. At La Martinique, playwright Moss Hart saw Danny perform, which led to Hart casting him in his hit Broadway comedy Lady in the Dark.
Kaye scored a triumph at age 30 in 1941, playing Russell Paxton in Lady in the Dark, starring Gertrude Lawrence. His show-stopping number was "Tchaikovsky", by Kurt Weill and Ira Gershwin, in which he sang the names of a string of Russian composers at breakneck speed, seemingly without taking a breath. In the next Broadway season, he was the star of a show about a young man who is drafted, called Let's Face It!.
His feature film debut was in producer Samuel Goldwyn's Technicolor 1944 comedy Up in Arms, a remake of Goldwyn's Eddie Cantor comedy Whoopee! (1930). Rival producer Robert M. Savini cashed in by compiling three of Kaye's Educational Pictures shorts into a patchwork feature, The Birth of a Star (1945). Studio mogul Goldwyn wanted Kaye's prominent nose fixed to look less Jewish, Kaye refused but did allow his red hair to be dyed blonde, apparently because it looked better in Technicolor.
Kaye starred in a radio program, The Danny Kaye Show, on CBS in 1945–46.
The program's popularity rose quickly. Before a year, he tied with Jimmy Durante for fifth place in the Radio Daily popularity poll. Kaye was asked to participate in a USO tour following the end of World War II. It meant that he would be absent from his radio show for nearly two months at the beginning of the season. Kaye's friends filled in, with a different guest host each week. Kaye was the first American actor to visit postwar Tokyo. He had toured there some ten years before with the vaudeville troupe. When Kaye asked to be released from his radio contract in mid-1946, he agreed not to accept a regular radio show for one year and only limited guest appearances on other radio programs. Many of the show's episodes survive today, notable for Kaye's opening "signature" patter ("Git gat gittle, giddle-di-ap, giddle-de-tommy, riddle de biddle de roop, da-reep, fa-san, skeedle de woo-da, fiddle de wada, reep!").
Kaye starred in several movies with actress Virginia Mayo in the 1940s, and is known for films such as The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947), The Inspector General (1949), On the Riviera (1951) co-starring Gene Tierney, Knock on Wood (1954), White Christmas (1954, in a role intended for Fred Astaire, then Donald O'Connor), The Court Jester (1956), and Merry Andrew (1958). Kaye starred in two pictures based on biographies, Hans Christian Andersen (1952) the Danish story-teller, and The Five Pennies (1959) about jazz pioneer Red Nichols. His wife, writer/lyricist Sylvia Fine, wrote many tongue-twisting songs for which Kaye became famous. She was an associate producer. Some of Kaye's films included the theme of doubles, two people who look identical (both Danny Kaye) being mistaken for each other, to comic effect.
Kaye teamed with the popular Andrews Sisters (Patty, Maxene, and LaVerne) on Decca Records in 1947, producing the number-three Billboard smash hit "Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)". The success of the pairing prompted both acts to record through 1950, producing several hits, including "The Woody Woodpecker Song".
While his wife wrote Kaye's material, there was much that was unwritten, springing from the mind of Danny Kaye, often while performing. Kaye had one character he never shared with the public; Kaplan, the owner of an Akron, Ohio, rubber company, came to life only for family and friends. His wife Sylvia described the Kaplan character:
He doesn't have any first name. Even his wife calls him just Kaplan. He's an illiterate pompous character who advertises his philanthropies. Jack Benny or Dore Schary might say, "Kaplan, why do you hate unions so?" If Danny feels like doing Kaplan that night, he might be off on Kaplan for two hours.
When he appeared at the London Palladium in 1948, he "roused the Royal family to laughter and was the first of many performers who have turned British variety into an American preserve." Life magazine described his reception as "worshipful hysteria" and noted that the royal family, for the first time, left the royal box to watch from the front row of the orchestra. He related that he had no idea of the familial connections when the Marquess of Milford Haven introduced himself after a show and said he would like his cousins to see Kaye perform. Kaye stated he never returned to the venue because there was no way to recreate the magic of that time. Kaye had an invitation to return to London for a Royal Variety Performance in November of the same year. When the invitation arrived, Kaye was busy with The Inspector General (which had a working title of Happy Times). Warners stopped the film to allow their star to attend. When his Decca co-workers the Andrews Sisters began their engagement at the London Palladium on the heels of Kaye's successful 1948 appearance there, the trio was well received and David Lewin of the Daily Express declared: "The audience gave the Andrews Sisters the Danny Kaye roar!"
He hosted the 24th Academy Awards in 1952. The program was broadcast on radio. Telecasts of the Oscar ceremony came later. During the 1950s, Kaye visited Australia, where he played "Buttons" in a production of Cinderella in Sydney. In 1953, Kaye started a production company, Dena Pictures, named for his daughter. Knock on Wood was the first film produced by his firm. The firm expanded into television in 1960 under the name Belmont Television.
Kaye entered television in 1956 on the CBS show See It Now with Edward R. Murrow. The Secret Life of Danny Kaye combined his 50,000-mile, ten-country tour as UNICEF ambassador with music and humor. His first solo effort was in 1960 with an hour special produced by Sylvia and sponsored by General Motors; with similar specials in 1961 and 1962.
Beginning in 1964, he acted as television host to the CBS telecasts of MGM's The Wizard of Oz. Kaye did a stint as a What's My Line? Mystery Guest on the Sunday night CBS-TV quiz program. Kaye was later a guest panelist on that show. He also appeared on the NBC interview program Here's Hollywood. In the 1970s, Kaye tore a ligament in his leg during the run of the Richard Rodgers musical, Two by Two, but went on with the show, appearing with his leg in a cast and cavorting on stage in a wheelchair. He had done much the same on his television show in 1964 when his right leg and foot were burned from a cooking accident. Camera shots were planned so television viewers did not see Kaye in his wheelchair.
In 1976, he played Mister Geppetto in a television musical adaptation of The Adventures of Pinocchio with Sandy Duncan in the title role. Kaye portrayed Captain Hook opposite Mia Farrow in a musical version of Peter Pan featuring songs by Anthony Newley and Leslie Bricusse. It was shown on NBC-TV in December 1976, the Hallmark Hall of Fame series. He later guest-starred in episodes of The Muppet Show, The Cosby Show and in the 1980s revival of New Twilight Zone.
In many films, as well as on stage, Kaye proved to be an able actor, singer, dancer and comedian. He showed his serious side as Ambassador for UNICEF and in his dramatic role in the memorable TV film Skokie, when he played a Holocaust survivor. Before his death in 1987, Kaye conducted an orchestra during a comical series of concerts organized for UNICEF fundraising. Kaye received two Academy Awards: an Academy Honorary Award in 1955 and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1982. That year he also received the Screen Actors Guild Annual Award.
In 1980, Kaye hosted and sang in the 25th Anniversary of Disneyland celebration, and hosted the opening celebration for Epcot in 1982 (EPCOT Center at the time), both were aired on prime time television in the U.S.
Career in music
Kaye was enamored of music. While he claimed an inability to read music, he was said to have perfect pitch. A flamboyant performer with his own distinctive style, "easily adapting from outrageous novelty songs to tender ballads" (according to critic Jason Ankeny), in 1945 Kaye began hosting his own CBS radio program, launching a number of hit songs, including "Dinah" and "Minnie the Moocher".
In 1947 Kaye teamed with the popular Andrews Sisters (Patty, Maxene, and LaVerne) on Decca Records, producing the number-three Billboard hit "Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)". The success of the pairing prompted both acts to record through 1950, producing rhythmically comical fare as "The Woody Woodpecker Song" (based on the bird from the Walter Lantz cartoons, and a Billboard hit for the quartet), "Put 'em in a Box, Tie 'em with a Ribbon (And Throw 'em in the Deep Blue Sea)", "The Big Brass Band from Brazil", "It's a Quiet Town (In Crossbone County)", "Amelia Cordelia McHugh (Mc Who?)", "Ching-a-ra-sa-sa", and a duet by Danny and Patty Andrews of "Orange Colored Sky". The acts teamed for two yuletide favorites: a frantic, harmonic rendition of "A Merry Christmas at Grandmother's House (Over the River and Through the Woods)", and a duet by Danny & Patty, "All I Want for Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth".
Kaye's debut album Columbia Presents Danny Kaye had been released in 1942 by Columbia Records, with songs performed to the accompaniment of Maurice Abravanel and Johnny Green. The album was reissued as a Columbia LP in 1949 and is described by the critic Bruce Eder as "a bit tamer than some of the stuff that Kaye hit with later in the '40s and in the '50s and, for reasons best understood by the public, doesn't attract nearly the interest of his kids' records and overt comedy routines."
1950 saw the release of a Decca single "I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts", his sole big U.S. chart hit. His second Columbia LP album Danny Kaye Entertains (1953, Columbia), included six songs recorded in 1941 from his Broadway musical Lady in the Dark; most notably "Tchaikovsky". Following the success of the film Hans Christian Andersen (1952), two of its songs, written by Frank Loesser and sung by Kaye, "The Ugly Duckling" and "Wonderful Copenhagen", reached the Top Five on the U.K. pop charts.
In 1953, Decca released Danny at the Palace, a live recording made at the New York Palace Theater, followed by Knock On Wood (Decca, 1954) a set of songs from the movie of the same name sung by Kaye, accompanied by Victor Young and His Singing Strings.
In 1956, Kaye signed a three-year recording contract with Capitol Records which released his single "Love Me Do" in December of that year. The B-side, "Ciu Ciu Bella", lyrics written by Sylvia Fine, was inspired by an episode in Rome when Kaye, on a mission for the UNICEF, befriended a seven-year-old polio victim in a children's hospital, who sang this song for him in Italian.
In 1958, Saul Chaplin and Johnny Mercer wrote songs for Merry Andrew, a film starring Kaye as a British teacher attracted to the circus. The score added up to six numbers, all sung by Kaye; conductor Billy May's 1950 composition "Bozo's Circus Band" (renamed "Music of the Big Top Circus Band") was deposited on the second side of the Merry Andrew soundtrack, released in 1958. A year later another soundtrack came out, The Five Pennies (Kaye starred there as 1920s cornet player Loring Red Nichols), featuring Louis Armstrong.
In the 1960s and 1970s Kaye hosted his own television variety program and had enormous success on Broadway (The Madwoman of Challiot, 1969; Two by Two, 1970). He learned the scores by ear but regularly conducted world-famous orchestras. Kaye's style, even if accompanied by unpredictable antics (he once traded the baton for a fly swatter to conduct "The Flight of the Bumblebee") was praised by the likes of Zubin Mehta who once stated that Kaye "has a very efficient conducting style." His ability with an orchestra was mentioned by Dimitri Mitropoulos, then conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. After Kaye's appearance, Mitropoulos remarked, "Here is a man who is not musically trained, who cannot even read music, and he gets more out of my orchestra than I have." Kaye was invited to conduct symphonies as charity fundraisers and was the conductor of the all-city marching band at the season opener of the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1984. Over his career he raised over US $5,000,000 in support of musician pension funds.
Kaye was sufficiently popular to inspire imitations:
- The 1946 Warner Bros. cartoon Book Revue had a sequence with Daffy Duck wearing a blonde wig an impersonating Kaye.
- Satirical songwriter Tom Lehrer's 1953 song "Lobachevsky" was based on a number that Kaye had done, about the Russian director Constantin Stanislavski, with the affected Russian accent. Lehrer mentioned Kaye in an opening monologue, citing him as an "idol since childbirth".
- Superman creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster fashioned a short-lived superhero title, Funnyman, taking inspiration from Kaye's persona.
In his later years he entertained at home as chef—he had a special stove on his patio – and specialized in Chinese and Italian cooking. The stove Kaye used for his Chinese dishes was fitted with metal rings for the burners to allow the heat to be highly concentrated. Kaye installed a trough with circulating ice water to use the burners. Kaye taught Chinese cooking classes at a San Francisco Chinese restaurant in the 1970s. The theater and demonstration kitchen under the library at the Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park, New York is named for him.
Kaye referred to his kitchen as "Ying's Thing". While filming The Madwoman of Chaillot in France, he phoned home to ask his family if they would like to eat at "Ying's Thing" that evening; Kaye flew home for dinner. Not all of his efforts in the kitchen went well. After flying to San Francisco for a recipe for sourdough bread, he came home and spent hours preparing loaves. When his daughter asked about the bread, Kaye hit the bread on the kitchen table; his bread was hard enough to chip it. Kaye approached kitchen work with enthusiasm, making sausages and other foods needed for his cuisine. His work as a chef earned him the "Les Meilleurs Ouvriers de France" culinary award. Kaye is the only non-professional chef to achieve this honor.
Kaye was an aviation enthusiast. He became interested in getting a pilot's license in 1959. An enthusiastic and accomplished golfer, he gave up golf in favor of flying. The first plane Kaye owned was a Piper Aztec. Kaye received his first license as a private pilot of multi-engine aircraft, not being certified for operating a single-engine plane until six years later. He was an accomplished pilot, rated for airplanes ranging from single-engine light aircraft to multi-engine jets. Kaye held a commercial pilot's license and had flown every type of aircraft except military planes. Kaye received a type rating in a Learjet, and was named vice president of the Learjet company by Bill Lear as an honorary title (he had no line responsibility at the company.) He supported many flying projects. In 1968, he was Honorary Chairman of the Las Vegas International Exposition of Flight, a show that utilized many facets of the city's entertainment industry while presenting an air show. The operational show chairman was well-known aviation figure Lynn Garrison. Kaye flew a Learjet to 65 cities in five days on a mission to help UNICEF.
Kaye was part-owner of baseball's Seattle Mariners with Lester Smith from 1977–81. Prior to that, the lifelong fan of the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers recorded a song called "The D-O-D-G-E-R-S Song (Oh really? No, O'Malley!)", describing a fictitious encounter with the San Francisco Giants, a hit during the real-life pennant chase of 1962. That song is included on Baseball's Greatest Hits compact discs. A good friend of Leo Durocher, he often traveled with the team. Kaye also possessed an encyclopedic knowledge of the game.
Working alongside UNICEF's Halloween fundraiser founder, Ward Simon Kimball Jr., the actor educated the public on impoverished children in deplorable living conditions overseas and assisted in the distribution of donated goods and funds. His involvement with UNICEF came about in an unusual way. Kaye was flying home from London in 1949 when one of the plane's four engines lost its propeller and caught fire. The problem was initially thought serious enough that it might make an ocean landing; life jackets and liferafts were made ready. The plane was able to head back over 500 miles to land at Shannon Airport, Ireland. On the way back to Shannon, the head of the Children's Fund, Maurice Pate, had the seat next to Danny Kaye and spoke at length about the need for recognition for the Fund. Their discussion continued on the flight from Shannon to New York; it was the beginning of the actor's long association with UNICEF.
"For all of his success as a performer... his greatest legacy remains his tireless humanitarian work – so close were his ties to the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) that when the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize, Kaye was tapped to accept it", according to music critic Jason Ankeny. The humanitarianism that exuded from Mr. Kaye's performances to his audiences resulted in pure joy, pure laughter, pure Americana, and for that, we are very grateful for this tremendous and exceptional American. God bless Danny Kaye.
Kaye died of heart failure on March 3, 1987, aged 76, brought on by internal bleeding and complications of hepatitis C. Kaye had quadruple bypass heart surgery in February 1983; he contracted hepatitis C from a blood transfusion. He was survived by his wife and their daughter. His ashes are interred in Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York. His grave is adorned with a bench that contains friezes of a baseball and bat, an aircraft, a piano, a flower pot, musical notes, and a chef's toque. His name, birth and death dates are inscribed on the toque. The United Nations held a memorial tribute to him at their New York headquarters on the evening of October 21, 1987.
Kaye and Sylvia Fine grew up in Brooklyn, living a few blocks apart, but they did not meet until they were working on an off-Broadway show in 1939. Sylvia was an audition pianist.
Sylvia discovered that Danny had worked for her father Samuel Fine, a dentist. Kaye, working in Florida, proposed on the telephone; the couple were married in Fort Lauderdale on January 3, 1940. Their daughter, Dena, was born on December 17, 1946.
Kaye said in a 1954 interview, "Whatever she wants to be she will be without interference from her mother nor from me." When she was very young, Dena did not like seeing her father perform because she did not understand that people were supposed to laugh at what he did.
On 18 January 2013, during a 24-hour salute to Kaye on Turner Classic Movies in celebration of what TCM thought was his 100th birthday, Kaye's daughter Dena revealed to TCM host Ben Mankiewicz that Kaye's stated birth year of 1913 was incorrect, and that he was actually born in 1911.
Producer Perry Lafferty reported: "People would ask me, 'Is he gay? Is he gay?' I never saw anything to substantiate that in the time I was with him." Kaye's last girlfriend, Marlene Sorosky, reported that he told her, "I've never had a homosexual experience in my life. I've never had any kind of gay relationship. I've had opportunities, but I never did anything about them."
- Kaye was knighted by Queen Margrethe II of Denmark on November 10, 1983. He was awarded the cross of the Knight of the Dannebrog, 1st Class, for his work with UNICEF and longstanding ties with Denmark. Kaye portrayed Hans Christian Andersen in the 1952 film of the same name.
- Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor on February 24, 1986 for his work for UNICEF.
- On June 23, 1987, Kaye was posthumously presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan. The award was received by his daughter Dena.
Awards and other recognition
- Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy in 1951, for On the Riviera
- Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy in 1958, for Me and the Colonel
- Lions Clubs International Humanitarian Award (1973–74)
- Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (1981)
- Asteroid 6546 Kaye
- Three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame; for his work in music, radio, and films
- Kennedy Center Honor (1984)
- Grand Marshal of the Tournament of Roses Parade (1984)
- The song "I Wish I Was Danny Kaye" on Miracle Legion's 1996 album Portrait of a Damaged Family
- UNICEF's New York Visitor's Centre is named to honor Danny Kaye.
- In December 1996, the PBS series, American Masters, aired a special on Kaye's life.
- A street in the San Antonio, Texas, neighborhood Oak Hills Terrace (located in the city's northwest) is named after Danny Kaye. The neighborhood was established in the late 1960s.
- The careers of Kaye and Fine are immortalized in The Danny Kaye and Sylvia Fine Collection at the Library of Congress. The materials preserved in the collection include manuscripts, scores, scripts, photographs, sound recordings, and video clips.
- Autumn Laughter (1938) (experimental telecast)
- The Secret Life of Danny Kaye (1956) (See It Now special)
- An Hour With Danny Kaye (1960 and 1961) (specials)
- The Danny Kaye Show with Lucille Ball (1962) (special)
- The Danny Kaye Show (1963–1967) (series)
- The Lucy Show: "Lucy Meets Danny Kaye" (1964) (guest appearance)
- Here Comes Peter Cottontail (1971) (voice)
- The Dick Cavett Show (1971) (interview guest)
- The Enchanted World of Danny Kaye: The Emperor's New Clothes (1972) (special)
- An Evening with John Denver (1975) (special)
- Pinocchio (1976) (special); live television musical adaptation starring Kaye and Sandy Duncan
- Peter Pan (1976) (special)
- The Muppet Show (1978) (guest appearance)
- Disneyland's 25th Anniversary (1980) (special guest appearance)
- An Evening with Danny Kaye (1981) (special)
- Skokie (1981) (television movie)
- The Twilight Zone: "Paladin of the Lost Hour" (1985) (guest appearance)
- The Cosby Show: "The Dentist" (1986) (guest appearance)
- Danny Kaye (Decca, 1949)
- Danny Kaye Entertains (Columbia, 1950)
- The Five Pennies (with Louis Armstrong, London, 1959)
- Mommy, Gimme a Drinka Water (Orchestration by Gordon Jenkins) (Capitol, 1959)
- Hans Christian Andersen (1952)
- Knock On Wood (Decca, 1954)
- Court Jester (Brunswick, 1956)
- Merry Andrew (1958)
- Danny Kaye for Children (Coral, 1959)
- Danny Kaye Tells 6 Stories from Faraway lands (Golden, 1960)
- Selections From Irving Berlin's White Christmas (1954)
- Two By Two (Columbia, 1970)
- "French Honor Danny Kaye". The Modesto Bee. 26 February 1986. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- Dena Kaye interview on TCM January 18, 2013. Her father was actually born in 1911 but, for reasons unknown to her, changed it to 1913. FBI records and SSDI also show 1911.
- "Danny Kaye Biography". UNICEF. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- "1980-1989 Obituaries [SSDI search]". Legacy.com/SSDI. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Adir, Karen, ed. (2001). The Great Clowns of American Television. McFarland & Company. p. 270. ISBN 0-7864-1303-4. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
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- ""Highlights and Shadows"-front of program". The President Players. July 4, 1937. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
- ""Highlights and Shadows" – inside of program". The President Players. July 4, 1937. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
- "Who Is Sylvia?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. October 30, 1960. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
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- Up In Arms at the Internet Movie Database
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- Kanfer, Stefan (1989). A summer world: the attempt to build a Jewish Eden in the Catskills from the days of the ghetto to the rise and decline of the Borscht Belt (1st ed.). New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux. p. 157. ISBN 978-0374271800.
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- Wilson, Earl (July 4, 1959). "It Happened Last Night". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
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- "Royal Variety Performance". Entertainment Artistes Benenevolent Fund. 1948. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
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- Sforza, John: Swing It! The Andrews Sisters Story. University Press of Kentucky, 2000.
- Goldie, Tom (July 10, 1953). "Friday Film Notes-Danny--Producer". Evening Times. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
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- Mercer, Charles (5 December 1956). "Danny Kaye Gives TV Its Finest 90 Minutes". The Miami News. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
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- "The Danny Kaye Episode Guide". Mateas Media Consulting. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Raidy, William A. (February 17, 1971). "Real people go to matinees and Danny Kaye loves 'em". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Lowry, Cynthia (April 17, 1964). "Accident Confines Danny Kaye to Chair". Eugene Register-Guard. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- "Actor-comedian Danny Kaye dies". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 3, 1987. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- Jason Ankeny. "Danny Kaye biography at". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Bruce Eder. "Danny Kaye 1949 album review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Bruce Eder. "Danny Kaye Entertains record review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "Danny at the Palace". Discogs. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "Knock on Wood OST". Discogs. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Love Me Do/Ciu Ciu Bella. Record details @ 45cat
- "Kaye Signs 3-Year Pact With Capitol", Billboard Magazine, December 15, 1956, p. 30
- William Ruhlmann. "Merry Andrew soundtrack". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "The Five Pennies". Discogs. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "Danny Kaye official biography". Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "Biography of Danny Kaye". The Kennedy Center. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Barrier, Michael (2003) . Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age. Oxford University Press. p. 463. ISBN 978-0-1951-6729-0. Retrieved September 13, 2016 – via Google Books.
- "Marcella Hazan: Memoir of a classic Italian chef". today.msnbc.msn.com. October 7, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Danny Kaye Teaches Chinese Cooking". Tri City Herald. January 22, 1974. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Culinary Institute of America, ed. (1995). Cooking secrets of the CIA. Chronicle Books. p. 131. ISBN 0-8118-1163-8. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Boyd, Joseph G. (May 23, 1980). "Travel writer attends party saluting hotel". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Scott, Vernon (July 14, 1962). "Kaye Likes Air". The Windsor Star. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
- Kaye, Danny (January 1967). If I Can Fly, You Can Fly. Popular Science. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Thomas, Bob (September 21, 1965). "Danny Kaye Likes Flying, TV, Dodgers". Gettysburg Times. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Smith, Red (June 12, 1976). "American League's a new act for Danny Kaye". The Miami News. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- Pope, Stephen (July 6, 2016). "The Last True Learjet". Flying Magazine. Bonnier Corporation. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
Danny Kaye, by the way, never owned a Learjet, though he did receive a type rating ... his friend Bill Lear made him a vice president this was strictly an honorary and symbolic title
- "Major League Baseball Returns To Seattle". The Leader-Post. February 9, 1976. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- "Crippled Transport Limps to Safety". The Lewiston Daily Sun. July 8, 1949. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Danny Kaye". UNICEF. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Gottfried, Martin (1994). Nobody's Fool: The Lives of Danny Kaye. New York; London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-86494-7.
- "Movie producer, songwriter Sylvia Fine Kaye dies at 78". Daily News. October 29, 1991. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- "Photo of Bench-Danny Kaye". Find a Grave. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Taylor, Clarke (October 23, 1987). "UN and Friends Pay Tribute to Kaye". LA Times. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Lewis, Paul (October 22, 1987). "U.N. Praises Danny Kaye at Tribute". New York Times. Archived from the original on March 18, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
- "A team grew in Brooklyn". The Dispatch. April 25, 1975. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Kaye at the Met". The Evening News. April 25, 1975. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- Raymer, Dorothy (November 6, 1945). "Who Is Sylvia? What Is She? – Danny Kaye's Inspiration". The Miami News. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- Wilson, Earl (July 4, 1959). "Danny Kaye To End TV Holdout; Wife To Write Script". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Parsons, Louella (July 28, 1946). "Danny Kaye Awaits Christmas Bulletin On Maternity Front". The News and Courier. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- Hughes, Alice (January 28, 1953). "A Woman's New York". Reading Eagle. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Cheney, Carlton (October 26, 1947). "The Secret Life of Danny Kaye". The Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Handsaker, Gene (December 11, 1947). "Like Peas In Pod Are Film Married Duos". The Deseret News. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Thomas, Bob (January 13, 1948). "Opportunities Galore In Films For Women". Waycross Journal-Herald. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- MacPherson, Virginia (February 9, 1948). "Hollywood Report". Oxnard Press-Courier. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
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- "Kaye knighted". Copenhagen, Denmark: The Times-News, Hendersonville, North Carolina. November 10, 1983. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- "Kaye, Willson to Get Medal of Freedom". LA Times. April 22, 1987. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom". University of Texas. June 23, 1987. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Danny Kaye-Hollywood Star Walk". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Danny Kaye Visitor's Centre Virtual Tour". UNICEF. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "The Danny Kaye and Sylvia Fine Collection: About the Collection". American Memory. The Library of Congress. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- "Moon Over Manhattan". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Dime a Dance". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Getting an Eyeful". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Cupid Takes a Holiday". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Money on Your Life". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- The 16 minute film, I Am an American, was featured in American theaters as a short feature in connection with "I Am an American Day" (now called Constitution Day). I Am an American was produced by Gordon Hollingshead, also written by Crane Wilbur. See: I Am An American at the TCM Movie Database and I Am an American at the Internet Movie Database.
- Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, June 23, 1987; accessed March 9, 2015.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Danny Kaye|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Danny Kaye.|
- Danny Kaye at the Internet Movie Database
- Royal Engineers Museum Danny Kaye in Korea 1952
- Literature on Danny Kaye
- N.Y. Times Obituary for Danny Kaye
- "Danny Kaye". Find a Grave. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- The Danny Kaye Show on radio at Internet Archive.
- The Danny Kaye Show more radio episodes at Internet Archive.
- The Danny Kaye Show on Outlaws Old Time Radio Corner
- The Inspector General for iPod at Internet Archive.
- The Inspector General at Internet Archive.
- Interview with daughter Dena Kaye – The Spectrum, January, 2016.