|Derivative forms||Wonky pop|
Many groups in the post-punk era adopted a more rhythmic tempo, conducive to dancing. These bands were influenced by funk, disco, synth and other dance music popular at the time as well as being anticipated by some of the 1970s work of the Sparks, Iggy Pop. Groups of influence from the 1980s included the Talking Heads, Public Image Ltd., Gang of Four, the Higsons, the Pop Group, Maximum Joy, the Brainiacs, the Big Boys, the Minutemen, Gary Allen, and the Red Hot Chili Peppers. New York City dance-punk included Defunkt, Material, James Chance and the Contortions, Cristina Monet, Bush Tetras, ESG, and Liquid Liquid. German punk singer Nina Hagen had an underground dance hit in 1983 with "New York / N.Y.", which mixed her searing punk (and opera) vocals with disco beats.
Dance-punk was revived among some bands of the garage rock/post-punk revival in the early years of the new millennium, particularly acts such as LCD Soundsystem, Clinic, Death from Above 1979, the Liars, Franz Ferdinand, the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Bloc Party, the Faint, the Rapture, Shout Out Out Out Out, and Radio 4, joined by dance-oriented acts who adopted rock sounds such as Out Hud, or Californian acts like !!! and the Moving Units. In the early 2000s Washington, D.C. had a popular and notable punk-funk scene, inspired by Fugazi, post-punk, and go-go acts like Trouble Funk and Rare Essence, including bands like Q and Not U, the Black Eyes, and Baltimore's the Oxes, Double Dagger, and Dope Body. In Britain the combination of indie with dance-punk was dubbed new rave in publicity for the Klaxons and the term was picked up and applied by the NME to bands including Trash Fashion, New Young Pony Club, Hadouken!, Late of the Pier, the Test Icicles, and Shitdisco forming a scene with a similar visual aesthetic to earlier rave music.
- Rip It Up and Start Again: Post Punk 1978-1984.Simon Reynolds.Faber and Faber Ltd, April 2005, ISBN 0-571-21569-6 (U.S. Edition: Penguin, February 2006, ISBN 0-14-303672-6)
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