Dairy product

Dairy products are derived from milk
Milk products and production relationships

Dairy products or milk products are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, and camels.[1][2][3] Dairy products include food items like yogurt, cheese, and butter.[4][5] A facility that produces dairy products is a dairy or dairy factory.[6] Dairy products are often consumed worldwide, except for most of East and Southeast Asia and parts of central Africa.[7]

Types of dairy products

A selection of three common dairy products made by a South African dairy company: a box of full cream, long life milk, a bottle of strawberry drinking yogurt, and a carton of passion fruit yogurt
The milk products of the Water buffaloes (super carabaos, Philippine Carabao Center)


Dairy products can cause health issues for individuals who have lactose intolerance or a milk allergy.[8][9]

Additionally dairy products including cheese, ice cream, milk, butter, and yogurt can contribute significant amounts of cholesterol and saturated fat to the diet. Diets high in fat and especially in saturated fat can increase the risk of heart disease and can cause other serious health problems. [10] However, it has been shown that there is no connection between dairy consumption (excluding butter) and cardiovascular disease, even though dairy tends to be higher in saturated fats.[11]

There is no excess cardiovascular risk with dietary calcium intake but calcium supplements are associated with a higher risk of coronary artery calcification. Anderson JJ, Kruszka B, Delaney JA, et al. Calcium intake from diet and supplements and the risk of coronary artery calcification and its progression among older adults: 10-year follow-up of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). J Am Heart Assoc 20161; DOI:10.1161/jaha.116.003815

Consumption patterns worldwide

Rates of dairy consumption vary widely worldwide. High-consumption countries consume over 150 kg per capita per year: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Costa Rica, Europe, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, North America and Pakistan. Medium-consumption countries consume 30 to 150 kg per capita per year: India, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Mongolia, New Zealand, North and Southern Africa, most of the Middle East, and most of Latin America and the Caribbean. Low-consumption countries consume under 30 kg per capita per year: Senegal, most of Central Africa, and most of East and Southeast Asia.[7]


Some groups avoid dairy products for non-health related reasons:

See also


  1. "dairy product - definition of dairy product in English | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  2. writer, Julie R. Thomson Food (2014-10-14). "PSA: Eggs Are NOT Dairy". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  3. "Dairy production and products: Dairy animals". www.fao.org. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  4. "Dairy | Clemson University, South Carolina". www.clemson.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  5. "Is Butter a Dairy Product, and Does it Contain Lactose?". Authority Nutrition. 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  6. "Definition of DAIRY". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  7. 1 2 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Dairy production and products: Milk and milk products"
  8. "Lactose intolerance". Genetics Home Reference. 2016-02-08. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  9. "Milk Allergy - Food Allergy Research & Education". www.foodallergy.org. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  10. "Saturated Fat". Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  11. Lovegrove, JA (February 24, 2016). "Plenary Lecture 2: Milk and dairy produce and CVD: new perspectives on dairy and cardiovascular health". Proceedings of the Nutrition Society: 1–12. doi:10.1017/S002966511600001X. PMID 26907978.

Further reading

External links

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