A crore (/ˈkrɔər/; abbreviated cr) denotes ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107) in the Indian numbering system. It is widely used in South Asia, and is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators. It is equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).[1]


Large amounts of money in India are often written in terms of crores. For example, 150,000,000 (one hundred fifty million) Indian rupees is written as 'fifteen crore rupees', '15 crore' or 'Rs 15 crore'.[1]

Trillions (in the short scale) of are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:

= One lakh crore rupees
= 1 lakh crore
= Rs 1 lakh crore
= Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
= Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
= 1012 rupees

Lakh is also used in Sri Lanka; however, most Sri Lankans use the term koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) for crore when referring to money.


The population of a country is usually expressed in crores. For example, the population of India is around 133 crores.

Etymology and regional variants

The word crore is a borrowing from Hindustani kărōṛ, krōṛ, from the Prakrit kroḍi, is in turn from the Sanskrit koṭi,[2] denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names.

South Asian languages

In other languages

See also


  1. 1 2 "Knowing our Numbers". Department Of School Education And Literacy. National Repository of Open Educational Resources. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  2. Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed., 1893, s.v. 'crore'
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