Critical Mass Energy Project

The Critical Mass Energy Project was formed by Ralph Nader in 1974 as a national anti-nuclear umbrella group.[1] It was probably the largest national anti-nuclear group in the United States, with several hundred local affiliates and an estimated 200,000 supporters. Part of Nader's support comes from a Green agenda and the belief that "the most important office in America for anyone to achieve is full-time citizen."[2] [3] The organization's main efforts were directed at lobbying activities and providing local groups with scientific and other resources to campaign against nuclear power.[1]

The first national anti-nuclear conference, "Critical Mass '74" was held in Washington D.C. under the sponsorship of Ralph Nader.[4] Workshops were held and groups throughout the United States learned about forming anti-nuclear organizations. At about the same time, Karen Silkwood, a nuclear plant worker, was killed in a car accident while investigating her nuclear energy company. There was speculation that the accident may have been intended.[5][6]

The second Critical Mass conference was held in November 1975, and this involved a candlelight vigil in front of the White House for Karen Silkwood.[7][6]

See also


  1. 1 2 Wolfgang Rudig (1990). Anti-nuclear Movements: A World Survey of Opposition to Nuclear Energy, Longman, p. 402.
  2. Mongillo, John F. and Bibi Booth (2001)[
  3. Steve Cohn (1997). Too cheap to meter: an economic and philosophical analysis of the nuclear dream SUNY Press, pp. 133-134.
  4. Steve E. Barkan. Strategic, Tactical and Organizational Dilemmas of the protest Movement Against Nuclear Power Social Problems, Vol. 27, No. 1, October 1979, p. 23.
  5. Jerome Price (1982). The Anti-nuclear Movement, Twayne Publishers, p. 13.
  6. 1 2 Justin Martin (2002). Nader, Perseus Publishing, pp. 172-179.
  7. Jerome Price (1982). The Anti-nuclear Movement, Twayne Publishers, p. 15.
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