Crimean Oblast

This article is about the former administrative division of the Ukrainian SSR. For the current administrative division of the Russian Federation, and subject of the 2014 Crimean Crisis, see Republic of Crimea.
Crimean Oblast
Кримська область
Крымская область
Oblast of the  Russian SFSR (1945–1954) and  Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991)


Crimean Oblast (red) and Ukrainian SSR (beige).
Capital Simferopol
49°21′N 23°30′E / 49.350°N 23.500°E / 49.350; 23.500Coordinates: 49°21′N 23°30′E / 49.350°N 23.500°E / 49.350; 23.500
  Crimean ASSR dissolved June 30, 1945
  Transferred to Ukrainian SSR February 19, 1954
  Autonomy restored February 12, 1991
Area 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi)
Today part of
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The Crimean Oblast (Ukrainian: Кримська область Kryms’ka oblast’ ; Russian: Крымская область Krymskaya oblast’ ; Crimean Tatar: Qırım vilâyeti) was an oblast (province) of the former Russian SFSR (1945–1954) and Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991) within the Soviet Union. Its capital was the city of Simferopol.


The Crimean Oblast replaced the Crimean ASSR on June 30, 1945.

The oblast was transferred from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR on February 19, 1954.

Sevastopol was a closed city due to its importance as the port of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet and was attached to the Crimean Oblast only in 1978.

Following a referendum held on January 20, 1991, the Crimean Oblast was given back its pre-World War II status of Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on February 12, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR.[1]

In 1992, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was transformed into the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine, with the exception of the city of Sevastopol whose status, once again due to its strategic importance as the port of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, remained disputed between Ukraine and Russia until 1997, when it was agreed that it should be treated as a "city with special status" within Ukraine.

See also


  1. "Day in history - 20 January". RIA Novosti (in Russian). January 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 6, 2007.

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