Creaky-voiced glottal approximant

Creaky-voiced glottal approximant

The creaky-voiced glottal approximant is a consonant sound in some languages. In the IPA it is transcribed as ʔ̞ or ʔ̰.[1] It involves tension in the glottis and diminution of airflow compared to surrounding vowels, but not full occlusion. It is an intervocalic allophone of a glottal stop in many languages. It is only reported to be contrastive in Gimi, where it behaves phonologically as the voiced equivalent of the glottal stop /ʔ/.[2]

See also


  1. e.g. Kehrein & Golston (2004) "A prosodic theory of laryngeal contrasts", Phonology 21.3
  2. Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. p. 7778. ISBN 0-631-19814-8.
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