Council for German Orthography
The Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung (German pronunciation: [ˈʁaːt fyːɐ̯ ˈdɔʏtʃə ˈʁɛçtˌʃʁaɪbʊŋ], Council for German Orthography), or RdR, is the main international body regulating German orthography.
With its seat being in Mannheim, Germany, the RdR was formed in 2004 as a successor to the Zwischenstaatliche Kommission für deutsche Rechtschreibung ("Intergovernmental Commission for German Orthography") in order to comprise proponents as well as opponents to the German orthography reform of 1996 (and subsequent reforms).
Currently the RdR is composed of 39 members from those states and regions that comprise the German Sprachraum:
- Germany: 18 councillors
- Austria: 9 councillors
- Switzerland: 9 councillors
- South Tyrol (Italy): 1 councillor
- German-speaking Community of Belgium: 1 councillor
- Liechtenstein: 1 councillor
- Luxembourg: 1 observer (no voting right)
Despite having German as one of its official languages, Luxembourg, which was not involved in devising the reform of 1996, is not a full member of the council. The government of Luxembourg unilaterally adopted the reform, and its efficiency makes it well-accepted by the country's teachers.
According to the duchy's largest newspaper, the Luxemburger Wort, Luxembourg does not perceive itself as a "German-speaking country" (the only national language is Luxembourgish) and thus had no right to take part in the council.
The chairman of the Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache (GfdS) is a member of the council. In 2003, the RdR, the GfdS, the Goethe Institute and the Institute of the German Language, founded the German Language Council (Deutscher Sprachrat), which was later also joined by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
- Official statute of the Council for German Orthography
- Council for German Orthography - Member list
- Luxemburger Wort, 9. August 2004
- Carte interactive des Etats et gouvernements membres - Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
- Website of the Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung (German)
- All press conferences of the Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung as audio-files (German)