Constitutional Court of Italy

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The Constitutional Court of the Italian Republic (Italian: Corte costituzionale della Repubblica Italiana) is a supreme court of Italy, the other being the Court of Cassation. Sometimes, the name Consulta is used as a metonym for it, because its sessions are held in Palazzo della Consulta in Rome.


According to Article 134[1] of the Constitution, the Court shall pass judgement on


The Constitutional Court is composed of 15 judges for the term of service of nine years: 5 appointed by the President, 5 elected by the Parliament of Italy[2] and 5 elected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts. Candidates need to be either lawyers with twenty years or more experience, full professors of law, or (former) judges of the Supreme Administrative, Civil and Criminal tribunals.[3] The members then elect the President of the Court, since 12 November 2014 this has been Alessandro Criscuolo. The President is elected from among its members in a secret ballot, by an absolute majority (8 votes in the case of a full court). If no person gets that many votes, a runoff election between the two judges with the most votes occurs. One or two vice-presidents, appointed by the President of the Court, stand in for the president in the event of his absence for any reason. The constitutional court passes on the constitutionality of laws with no right of appeal.

The court is a post-World War II innovation. Since 12 October 2007, when reform of the Italian intelligence agencies approved in August 2007 came into force, the pretext of state secret cannot be used to deny access to documents by the Court.


Appointed by

  President of Italy   Courts of Italy   Parliament of Italy

PortraitNameAppointed byDate electedDate sworn inType of membership
Paolo Grossi President
Giorgio Napolitano
7 February 2009 23 February 2009 President
(since 24 February 2016)
Alessandro Criscuolo Courts
(Court of Cassation)
28 October 2008 11 November 2008 Judge[4]
Giorgio Lattanzi Courts
(Court of Cassation)
19 November 2010 9 December 2010 Vice President
(since 12 November 2014)
Aldo Carosi Courts
(Court of Audit)
17 July 2011 13 September 2011 Vice President
(since 24 February 2016)
Marta Cartabia President
Giorgio Napolitano
2 September 2011 13 September 2011 Vice President
(since 12 November 2014)
Mario Rosario Morelli Courts
(Court of Cassation)
18 November 2011 12 December 2011 Judge
Giancarlo Coraggio Courts
(Council of State)
19 November 2012 28 January 2013 Judge
Giuliano Amato President
Giorgio Napolitano
12 September 2013 18 September 2013 Judge
Silvana Sciarra Parliament 6 November 2014 11 November 2014 Judge
Daria de Pretis President
Giorgio Napolitano
18 October 2014 11 November 2014 Judge
Nicolò Zanon President
Giorgio Napolitano
18 October 2014 11 November 2014 Judge
Franco Modugno Parliament 16 December 2015 21 December 2015 Judge
Augusto BarberaParliament 16 December 2015 21 December 2015 Judge
Giulio ProsperettiParliament 16 December 2015 21 December 2015 Judge
Vacancy Parliament TBD TBD Judge

See also


  1. "The Italian Constitution" (PDF). The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.
  2. Parliament appoints judges with increasing delay: see (Italian)Giuseppe Salvaggiulo, Consulta, sfregio infinito. Ventisei votazioni fallite, in La Stampa, 3 October 2015 and (Italian)Giampiero Buonomo, Negoziazione politica e Parlamento...Non solo risate, in Avanti online, 26 August 2015.
  3. Justin O. Frosini and Sara Pennicino (2 February 2007). "Report from Italy". Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  4. Criscuolo had been President of the Constitutional Court from November 2014 to February 2016, when he resigned from the office for family reasons.

External links

Coordinates: 41°53′57″N 12°29′15″E / 41.8991°N 12.4875°E / 41.8991; 12.4875

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