Congress of Guatemala

Congress of the Republic of Guatemala
Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Mario Taracena, UNE
Since 2016
1st Vice president
Iván Arévalo
Since 2016
2nd Vice president
Felipe Alejos
Since 2016
3rd Vice president
Roberto Castañeda
Since 2016
Seats 158 members
Congress political groups
Congress voting system
Closed-list proportional representation
Congress last election
Guatemalan general election, 2015
Meeting place
Guatemala City
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The Congress of the Republic (Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of Guatemala. The Guatemalan Congress is made up of 158 deputies who are elected by direct universal suffrage to serve four-year terms. The electoral system is closed party list proportional representation. 31 of the deputies are elected on a nationwide list, whilst the remaining 127 deputies are elected in 22 multi-member constituencies. Each of Guatemalas's 22 departments serves as a district, with the exception of the department of Guatemala containing the capital, which on account of its size is divided into two (distrito central and distrito Guatemala). Departments are allocated seats based on their population size and they are shown in the table below.

Department Deputies
Listado Nacional 31
Distrito Central 19
Alta Verapaz 9
Baja Verapaz 2
Chimaltenango 5
Chiquimula 3
El Progreso 1
Escuintla 6
Guatemala (Distrito) 11
Huehuetenango 10
Izabal 3
Jalapa 3
Jutiapa 4
Petén 4
Quetzaltenango 7
Quiché 8
Retalhuleu 3
Sacatepéquez 3
San Marcos 9
Santa Rosa 3
Sololá 3
Suchitepéquez 5
Totonicapán 4
Zacapa 2
Total 158

Political culture

It is not uncommon that Congress Members change parties during the legislature term, as well as Congress Members seceding from a party to create a new party or congressional block.

Latest election

In Congress, Baldizón's LIDER gained 30 seats on their previous election making them the largest party with 44 seats. Torres' UNE retained second position with 36 seats, despite losing 12. Competing in their first election, Todos captured 18 seats. PP suffered the greatest loss, losing 39 seats overall, down to 17. Morales' FCN gained 11 seats.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Renewed Democratic Liberty885,62019.1044+30
National Unity of Hope687,89014.8336−12
Patriotic Party437,4219.4317−39
National Convergence Front405,9228.7511+11
Encuentro por Guatemala289,5446.247
CREOUnionist Party264,0595.695−8
National Change Union251,5785.436−8
Vision with Values169,8133.663
National Advancement Party158,5613.423+1
Institutional Republican Party57,9581.250−1
New Republic Movement41,7340.900New
Reform Movement36,7480.790New
Heart New Nation24,2490.520New
Invalid/blank votes738,08213.73
Registered voters/turnout7,556,87371.13
Source: TSE (98.85% of votes counted), Seats according to elPeriodico

See also


    External links

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