|franc congolais (French)|
|Banknotes||1, 5, 10, 20, 50 centimes, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000, 20000 francs|
Democratic Republic of the Congo|
Congo Free State
|Central bank||Central Bank of the Congo|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2015 est.|
First franc, 1887–1967
During Belgian colonial rule, currency denominated in centimes and francs was issued for use in Congo. These francs were equal in value to the Belgian franc. From 1916, the Congolese franc also circulated in Rwanda and Burundi. From 1952, the currency was issued bearing the names Belgian Congo (either "Congo Belge" or "Belgische Congo") and "Ruanda-Urundi".
The franc remained Congo's currency after independence until 1967, when the zaïre was introduced, at a rate of 1 zaïre = 1000 francs.
In 1887, holed, copper coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 centimes, together with silver coins worth 50 centimes, and 1, 2, and 5 francs. Coins ceased to be minted of silver in 1896. Holed, cupro-nickel 5-, 10- and 20-centime coins were introduced in 1906, with the remaining copper coins (worth 1 and 2 centimes) minted until 1919. Cupro-nickel 50-centime and 1-franc coins were introduced in 1921 and 1920, respectively.
The coinage of Belgian Congo ceased in 1929, only to be resumed in 1936 and 1937 for the issue of nickel-bronze 5-franc coins. In 1943, hexagonal, brass 2-franc coins were introduced, followed by round, brass coins worth 1, 2 and 5 francs, and silver 50-franc coins, between 1944 and 1947.
Aluminum coins worth 50 centimes, 1 and 5 francs followed between 1954 and 1957. In 1965, the only franc-denominated coins of the first Democratic Republic of Congo were issued, aluminum coins worth 10 francs.
In 1896 the Independent State of Congo issued 10 and 100 franc notes. In 1912, the Bank of Belgian Congo introduced 20 and 1000 francs, followed by notes of 1, 5 and 100 franc notes in 1914. The 1-franc notes were only printed until 1920, whilst 10 franc notes were introduced in 1937. 500 francs were introduced in the 1940s, with 10,000 francs introduced in 1942.
In 1952, the Central Bank of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi introduced notes for 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs, with 500 and 1000 francs added in 1953.
In 1961, the National Bank of Congo introduced notes for 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 francs, some of which were issued until 1964. In 1962, the Monetary Council of the Republic of Congo introduced 1000 franc notes, which were notes of the Central Bank of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi overprinted with the Monetary Council's name. In 1963, the Monetary Council issued regular type 100 and 5000 franc notes.
Second franc, 1997–
The franc was re-established in 1997, replacing the new zaïre at a rate of 1 franc = 100,000 new zaïres. This was equivalent to 300,000,000,000,000 old francs.
Coins were issued but inflation having taken its toll, they are no longer used. The smallest note in use is 10 francs.
In July 1998, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimes, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs, though all are dated 01.11.1997. 200-franc notes were introduced in 2000, followed by 500-franc notes in 2002. As of June, 2012 the only negotiable instrument in circulation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo are banknotes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 francs.
|Banknotes of the Congolese franc (01.11.1997 issue)|
|1 centime||Deep olive-green, violet and dark brown||Coffee harvest||Nyiragongo volcano||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|5 centimes||Purple||Suku mask||Zande harp||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|10 centimes||Red-violet and dark-brown||Pende mask||Pende dancers||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|20 centimes||Blue-green and black||Antelope||Upemba National Park||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|50 centimes||Dark brown and brown||Okapi||Okapis at Epulu Okapi Reserve||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||1 franc||Deep purple and blue-violet||GECAMINES Copper melting complex||Patrice Lumumba with his comrades after his capture||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||5 francs||Purple and black||Rhinoceros, Garamba National Park||Kamwanga falls||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||10 francs||Olive-brown, olive-green and deep blue-green||Luba carving "Tête-à-Tête"||Luba carving||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||20 francs||Brown-orange and red-orange||Lion, Kundelongu Park||Lioness with her cubs, Kundelongu Park||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|50 francs||Olive-green||Tshokwe mask "Mwana Pwo"||Fishermen's village along the Congo River||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|100 francs||Brown||Elephant, Virunga National Park||"Inga II" hydroelectric dam||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|Banknotes of the Congolese franc (04.01.2000 issue)|
||50 francs||Lilac-brown||Tshokwe mask "Mwana Pwo"||Fishermen's village along the Congo River||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||100 francs||Slate blue||Elephant, Virunga National Park||"Inga II" hydroelectric dam||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|Banknotes of the Congolese franc (30.06.2000 & 04.01.2002 (2003) issues)|
||200 francs||Lilac and olive-green||Fieldwork||Drummers||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
||500 francs||Blue||Diamond exploitation||Diamond exploitation, Etroite Valley||Single Okapi head or multiple Okapi heads repeated vertically|
|Banknotes of the Congolese franc (02.02.2005 & 18.02.2006 (2012) issues)|
|1000 francs||Green||Okapi, Kanioka box||African grey parrot; yellow corn||Okapi and electrotype 1000|
|5000 francs||Brown||Zebras; Hemba statuette||Bowl; bundles of maniok; two helmeted guineafowl||Okapi and electrotype 5000|
|10,000 francs||Violet||Two water buffalos; carved statuette||Bird on a branch; banana trees||Okapi and electrotype 10,000|
|20,000 francs||Yellow||Giraffes; carved head "Bashilele"||Palm trees; date clusters; two gray crowned crane (Balearica regulorum) birds||Leopard head and electrotype 20,000|
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- Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Congo (Democratic Republic)". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Congo Democratic Republic new 1,000-, 5,000-, and 10,000-franc notes reported BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
- Congo Democratic Republic new 5,000-franc note confirmed BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- Congo Democratic Republic new 1,000-franc note confirmed BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Congo Democratic Republic new 10,000-franc note confirmed BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Congo Democratic Republic new 20,000-franc note reported BanknoteNews.com. November 7, 2012. Retrieved on 2013-03-10.
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