Communist Unification of Spain

Communist Unification of Spain
Unificación Comunista de España, (UCE)
Founded 1973 (1973)
Headquarters Spain
Newspaper Foros XXI
De Verdad
Ideology Marxism–Leninism
Mao Tse-Tung Thought
Political position Far-left
Colors Red     

Communist Unification of Spain (Spanish: Unificación Comunista de España, Basque: Komunisten Batasuna) is a political party in Spain. The group emerged around the publication Tribuna Obrera in 1968. It was constituted as UCE in 1973. Its ideological line is Marxist-Leninist and Mao Zedong Thought.


During the Spanish transition to democracy, UCE was active in a process of unity with the Communist Movement of Spain (MCE). That relationship broke down. At the first UCE congress in 1979, the group decided to put all its efforts into building its own party. In the 1977 elections, UCE supported the Democratic Left Front (FDI). From 1979 to 1986 and from 2003 to 2004 they called for a vote for the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), from 1989 to 2000 they called for a vote for United Left (IU), and then for Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) in 2008. In the Spanish local and regional elections, 2011 they ran for elections in 34 municipalities and 7 Autonomous regions, obtaining a total of 8,925 votes.


UCE publishes and sells a variety of newspapers which it uses to fund its political campaigns:


The UCE defines itself as a proletarian class party, guided by the ideology of Mao. As a Communist Party, their ultimate goals are to end the exploitation of man by man and to end the division of social classes.

Originating in Tribuna Obrera (1968), a political organization with a Mao Zedong Thought it was born in the fight against the Francoist dictatorship, the heat of the revolutionary wave of the sixties, the liberation struggles in the Third World and the spirit of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Its main criticism was denouncing what they called Soviet "social fascism", "social imperialism" and "revisionism". This framework determined its political actions, their foundation being discipline and factual analysis: not resorting to inflammatory verbalism (typical of demagogic left-wing discourse) whilst refraining from idealism without falling victim to the demands of pragmatists.

The party follows the 1937 text Combat Liberalism rejects ideas that only serve to destroy the unity of the working class and weakens the struggle against exploitation.

In politics, UCE analyses the global situation and Spanish society, wherein it sees Spain as a relatively weak partner; as a dependent ally of the superpowers United States and England (the 'natural' enemy of Spain and the European Union) and more recently a reunified Germany. According to UCE, the Anglo-German project supports independentist tendencies in order to weaken states such as Spain and exercise greater control over them using the Divide and Conquer strategy as espoused by prominent geostrategists like Zbigniew Brzezinski in The Grand Chessboard. It is thereby unifying and is strongly criticized by Catalan, Basque and Aragonese independentists.[1]

UCE is an independent party, not relying on external financing or government subsidies in accordance with the popular saying "he who pays the piper calls the tune". They therefore rely solely on their membership fees. Despite this apparent isolation they are true to their principle of uniting the working class and ending exploitation, having embarked on several political initiatives, together with other associations.

Political actions

Significant elements of its political action are:

Accusations of being a sect

The UCE has been accused several times of being a sect and not a real political party,[12][13][14][15][16][17] including by some ex-members of the organization.[18][19] The UCE denies those claims.

Election results

UCE has sporadically run for elections since the 1980s, with results oscillating between 3.000 and 50.000 votes. It has never managed to obtain parliamentary or council representation.

Elections and date
Spanish general election, 1979
(in coalition with Organización Comunista de España-Bandera Roja)
47.937 0,27
Spanish general election, 1982 24.044 0,11
Spanish general election, 1986 42.451 0,21
European Parliament elections, 1987 21.482 0,11
Spanish Municipal Elections 1987 3.380 0,02
European Parliament elections 2009 3.483 0,02
Spanish local and regional elections, 2011 5.218 0,14
2011 Elections for the Congress of Deputies 16.148 0,06
2011 Elections for the Spanish Senate 32.861 0,12

In the last municipal elections UCE ran for 35 town halls in May 2011. They obtained a total of 5,218 votes, the closest being in Vera de Moncayo (1,88%)

Torredelcampo Jaén 80 0,90
Alaquàs València 133 0,83
Fuenlabrada Madrid 681 0,71
Vilanova i la Geltrú Barcelona 154 0,63
Esplugues de Llobregat Barcelona 110 0,61
Barakaldo Bizkaia 270 0,60
Alfafar València 59 0,59
Leganés Madrid 495 0,53
Alcoi Alicante 132 0,41
Getafe Madrid 269 0,32
Hospitalet de Llobregat Barcelona 180 0,21
Vitoria Álava 214 0,19
Bilbao Bizkaia 178 0,11
Vigo Pontevedra 166 0,11
Murcia Murcia 173 0,09
València València 295 0,07
Madrid Madrid 526 0,05
Barcelona Barcelona 217 0,04
Málaga Málaga 102 0,04

In the autonomic elections of May 2011, they were present in 7 communities, obtaining their best result in the Province of Soria multiplying by 31.2 with respect to the 2009 European Parliament elections (0,37%) with a total of 3,707 votes.

Autonomous Region
Canaries 120 0,36
Balearics 64 0,17
Castile and León 492 0,14
Murcia 713 0,11
Aragon 592 0,08
Valencia 1716 0,08
Asturias 10 0,02

In the general elections of November 2011, they obtained their best result in the Province of Lugo multiplying by 32.7 with respect to the 2009 European elections (0,27%) with a total of 588 votes.

Province Congress Senate
Congress Votes % +/- Senate Votes %
Lugo 588 0.27 Increase 570 760 0.35
Álava 290 0.17 Increase 251 533 0.32
Soria 72 0.14 Increase 65 193 0.39
Barcelona 3,355 0.12 Increase2,921 8,677 0.34
Murcia 464 0.06 Increase 364 2,466 0.34
Teruel 91 0.11 Increase 87 220 0.29
Segovia 113 0.12 Increase 107 206 0.23
Alicante 893 0.10 Increase 672 1,594 0.18
Jaén 404 0.10 Increase 347 753 0.19
Guipúzcoa 397 0.10 Increase 346 671 0.18
Vizcaya 544 0.08 Increase 444 1,124 0.17
Huesca 105 0.08 Increase 93 363 0.31
Tarragona 265 0.07 Increase 218 658 0.20
Badajoz - 0.00 Decrease 37 - 0.00
TOTAL 16,148 0.06 12,665 32,861 0.12

Source: Ministerio del Interior - Elecciones Generales 2011


  1. 1 2 History of UCE (in Spanish)
  2. Las bases a referéndum, Foros21-Chispas-De Verdad, Special Edition 2005, pg. 71
  3. Corcuera law campaign in Spanish
  4. No al régimen nazi-fascista de Arzalluz, portada del número 15 de 2003 de "De Verdad"
  5. Tenemos que concentrar el voto
  6. De Verdad - De Verdad contra la crisis (Manifiesto, publicado en junio de 2009)
  8. UCE, la única presente en todas las provincias 70 candidaturas aspiran a entrar por primera vez en el Congreso
  9. Recogida de Avales Diario Público 18/10/2011
  10. "Sí podemos. Sí hay alternativa" Publicado el 04-10-2011
  11. La UCE, una organización con características de secta, entre quienes apoyan a Ciutadans.
  12. Hemerosectas: UCE
  13. Unas 15.000 personas están en contacto con las 20 sectas que operan en la provincia. Información. CLARA R. FORNER, 31 ene 2009.
  14. Lo que pienso sobre 'Recortes Cero'. La Voz Libre. lunes, 17 de noviembre de 2014, 11:21
  15. UCE: secta de zumbados que se hacen pasar por comunistas.
  16. Sobre Recortes Cero.
  17. UCE ¿es UCE una secta?
  18. "Una legión de robots descerebrados". Nueva Andalucía. Gregorio Sabra, 1992.

External links

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