Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)

Not to be confused with the KKE/ML that was founded in November 1974 by the Organization of Greek Marxists-Leninists (OEML)
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist-Leninist)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (μαρξιστικο-λενινιστικό)
Leader Grigoris Konstantopoulos
Founded November 1976
Split from Organisation of Marxists–Leninists of Greece
Headquarters Emmanouil Benaki 43,
10681, Athens
Newspaper Proletariaki Simaia
(Proletarian Flag)
Ideology Communism,
Political position Far-left
European affiliation None
International affiliation None
Colours Red
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European Parliament
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The Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) (Greek: Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (μαρξιστικό-λενινιστικό), ΚΚΕ (μ-λ), Kommounistiko Komma Elladas (marxistiko-leninistiko), KKE (m-l)), is a Maoist communist political party in Greece.


KKE(m-l) graffiti.

KKE (m-l) was founded in November 1976 by the majority of the Organisation of Marxists-Leninists of Greece (OMLE), itself a splinter group of the Communist Party of Greece since 1964. The minority became the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Greece (M-L KKE).[1][2] Despite further subsequent splits and the creation of smaller groupings, the two parties, KKE (m-l) and M-L KKE, have remained the major representatives of Maoism in Greece to this day.[1] The student wing of KKE (m-l) was the Progressive All-Student Unionist Camp (PPSP), which was "less popular [than the mainstream organisations], but still important" at Greek universities at the time.[2][3]

In October 1977, on the eve of the first death anniversary of Mao Zedong, KKE(m-l) co-signed a declaration with the Communist Party of Germany/Marxists–Leninists, Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist), Communist Party of Italy (Marxist–Leninist) and the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed). The declaration, which was published on the front page of the Albanian daily Zëri i Popullit, rejected the Three Worlds Theory.[4]

KKE (m-l) experienced a crisis in 1982 when the majority of its members left the party. This crisis was caused as a result of both international (death of Mao Zedong, the rebuilding of capitalism in China, etc.) and national events (government of PASOK, etc.).

On 16 March 2012, spurred by the ongoing Greek financial crisis, M-L KKE and KKE (m-l) announced that they would jointly contest elections as part of the Popular Resistance - Left Anti-Imperialist Cooperation (Λαϊκή Αντίσταση - Αριστερή Αντιμπεριαλιστική Συνεργασία), distancing themselves both from the traditional Communist Party of Greece (KKE) and the leftist Syriza coalition.[1][5] KKE(m-l) and MLKKE contested the May 2012 legislative election under the slogan "Down with the Memorandum of Enslavement- The People don't owe anyone anything" and fielded 186 candidates across the country.[6]

Historically, KKE (m-l) has been most active and has supporters in Ioannina, Thessaloniki and northern Greece in general, in Crete, and the Aegean islands of Lesbos and Samos.[5]


KKE(m-l) in the Legislative Elections in June 1989 gathered 3,361 votes (0,05%). In the Legislative elections of November 1989 gathered 3,234 votes (0,05%), and in the 1990 elections 2,590 votes (0,04%). In 1993 the KKE(m-l) joined the Left Struggle political coalition along with EKKE, the New Left Current, the Workers Revolutionary Party (EEK). The coalition received 8,160 votes in 1993 and 10,443 votes in the 1996 general elections. In the 2000 elections the party gathered 7,301 votes (0.11%), in the 2004 elections 10,754 votes (0.15%), and in the 2007 elections 17,541 votes (0.24%).


A sample cover of Proletariaki Simaia (January 26, 2008)

KKE (m-l) publishes the biweekly newspaper, Proletariaki Simaia (Προλεταριακή Σημαία, "Proletarian Flag"), originally founded in early 1967 as one of the newspapers of OMLE.[1]

See also


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