Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
Victoria crowned pigeon (Goura victoria)
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Columbea
Jarvis et al., 2014

Columbea is a clade that contains Columbiformes (pigeons and doves), Pteroclididae (sandgrouses), Mesitornithidae (mesites) and Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes), discovered by genome analysis.[1] Until their recent placement as the sister taxon to Passerea, in the last decade various genetic analysis had found in the almost obsolete clade Metaves of uncertain placement within that group.[2][3]


Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos)

Podicipediformes (grebes)


Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)

Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)


  1. Jarvis, E.D.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713.
  2. Ericson, P. G.P; Anderson, C. L; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S; Kallersjo, M.; Ohlson, J. I; Parsons, T. J; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. PMC 1834003Freely accessible. PMID 17148284.
  3. Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History" (PDF). Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. PMID 18583609.

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