Coat of arms of San Marino

Coat of arms of San Marino

Coat of Arms of San Marino prior to the 2011 standardization. Noticeably still used on the Sammarinese Government Portal (1)
Armiger Republic of San Marino
Adopted 14th Century
Crest A Crown of the Republic
Escutcheon Azure on three mountain tops vert three towers argent masoned and windowed sable each weather vaned with an ostrich plume argent
Supporters Wreath of laurel and oak
Motto Libertas

The coat of arms of San Marino probably originated in the fourteenth century. The official establishment took place on 6 April 1862 by a Decree of the Supreme Council; the same act introduced the crown on top of the shield.[1]

There is little evidence regarding the official design until the mid 20th century. "The Flag Bulletin" vol. III, no. 2 from the winter of 1963-64 is reproducing on page 31 an "official plate showing the flag and arms of San Marino, [which] was a gift of the Sammarinese government, through its Consul in New York City." This plate was previously published in an official guide of the republic, from March 1963.[2] In 2011, a new Law on the flag and coat of arms of San Marino presented a slightly simplified design, the main changes being that the branches have no more ramifications, the towers are square instead of round, and the gates are oriented now towards sinister.

The coat of arms of San Marino adorns among other things the flag of the country and the logo of the San Marino Football Federation.


The official description of the coat of arms is:

"The official coat of arms of the Republic is surmounted by a closed crown, the symbol of sovereignty

The shield is azure, three mountains vert, towers argent, windowed, embattled and masoned sable, surmounted by ostrich plumes argent. The shield is surrounded by two branches vert, overlapped in saltire below the shield, one of laurel, the other of oak, fructed or. On a ribbon argent the motto LIBERTAS in capital letters sable."

The components of the coat of arms are in detail:

Notes and references

  1. About the Republic of San Marino, p. 6.
  2. Giuseppe Rossi et al., Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino - Guida Ufficiale, Editrice VOGARTE, San Marino, March 1963
  3. This somewhat mysterious phrase is most likely to refer, to the two "men" from whose oppressive power Saint Marinus had decided to separate himself, becoming a hermit on Mount Titano: respectively the Emperor and the Pope. This affirmation of freedom (first and foremost fiscal franchise) from both the State and the Church, however legendary, has always been the inspiration of the tiny republic. (source: "The Republic of San Marino", William Miller, The American Historical Review, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Jul., 1901), pp. 633-649)

See also

External links

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