Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Subfamily: Cucurbitoideae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Subtribe: Benincasinae
Genus: Citrullus
Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.

Citrullus is a genus of seven species of desert vines, among which Citrullus lanatus (the watermelon) is an important crop. Recent molecular data, including sequences from the original collection of Citrullus lanatus, made by C. P. Thunberg in 1773, show that the plant originally dubbed Citrullus lanatus was not a watermelon, which the name now refers to, but instead a bitter melon, as implied by Thunberg's original description of the species.[1]

Classifications of Citrullus

A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms

Citroides group

Colocynthis group

Lanatus group

Vulgaris group

Other groups



  1. (Chomicki and Renner, 2015).
  2. "Sorting Citrullus Names". University of Melbourne. Retrieved September 15, 2013.

Chomicki, G., and S. S. Renner. 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: Another example of museomics. New Phytologist 205(2): 526-532.

Renner, S. S., G. Chomicki, and W. Greuter. 2014. Proposal to conserve the name Momordica lanata (Citrullus lanatus) (watermelon, Cucurbitaceae), with a conserved type, against Citrullus battich. Taxon 63(4): 941-942.

External links

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