Cisleithanian legislative election, 1911

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politics and government of
Compromise of 1867

Legislative elections to elect members of the Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the Austrian section of Austria-Hungary over several days in June and July 1911. [1] A coalition of German national and liberal parties, the Deutscher Nationalverband, emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 100 of the 516 seats. Voter turnout was 80.2%.[2]

This was the second election under universal male suffrage, and the last before the dissolution of the empire. At that dissolution it was the German representatives that formed the first truly Austrian legislative body. In the German-speaking areas the results however were similar to the previous election of 1907, with the Christian Socials as the largest party (76 seats), followed by the Social Democrats (43) and the German People's Party (32). Both the major parties lost seats, and the parties which gained were the moderate centre and the radicals. Results varied by province, with Lower Austria providing the political base for the two largest parties. There was a wide difference between rural areas (Christian Social) and urban (Social Democrat), a split (social cleavage) that had become more evident since 1907, with the Christian Socials losing their support in the outer belt of Viennese districts. Support for the German People's party was more even. The German people's party found its support in the middle strata of Austrian society. On the other hand, industrialists rejected this party in favour of the Freisinnige group, particularly the German Progressive Party, as did the more prosperous merchants.

Amongst the non-German nationalities, the results also differed widely between nations (Pech 1989).

The original results were published in the Österreichische Statistik (Neue Folge Vol. 7, Fasc. 1).

Seats of the House of Deputies of the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Council. Situation after the November 1911 Cisleithanian legislative elections. The seats are marked by nationality.



Nation Party Votes %
Croatian nationCroatian Party33,5650.7
Pure Justice Party28,2540.6
Croatian nationals20,7700.5
Social Democratic Party3290.0
Czech nationSocial Democratic Party Autonomists357,2347.9
Catholic nationals128,0562.8
Czech National Social Party95,9012.1
Christian Social Party83,1241.8
Young Czech Party56,6731.3
Progressive People's Party34,4430.8
Progressive Constitutionalists20,8810.5
Old Czech Party9,8720.2
Social Democratic Party Centralists19,3740.4
Czech nationals30,7460.7
Czech Realist Party
Traders Party
German nationChristian Social Party608,34613.4
Social Democrats542,54912.0
German Radicals (Free All Germans)90,5232.0
German People's Party71,8821.6
German Progress Party71,1141.6
German-National Party28,6890.6
German Workers' Party26,6700.6
Upper Austria Farmers' Club22,0090.5
All Germans20,5270.5
German Miner and Farmers' Association15,3010.3
Independent Christian Socials10,2990.2
Central Industrial Committee6,4220.1
Free Socialists4,0740.1
German Conservative Farmers' Party3,6230.1
Economic Political Realm Party2,8850.1
Social Politicians2,7350.1
German Economy Party1,8930.0
Italian nationNational-Liberals41,9280.9
Popular Political Union of Trentino40,5430.9
Social Democratic Party23,0680.5
Italian nationals
Liberal Farmers' Association
Polish nationPeople's Party185,6744.1
National Democrats98,4602.2
Social Democratic Party65,5691.4
Christian Social Party21,9820.5
Independent Socialists
National Party
Non-party Democrats
Pro-German Poland
Progressive Democrats
Ruthenian nationUkrainian Party326,9557.2
Russian National Party128,1602.8
Ukrainian Radical Party54,7011.2
Social Democratic Party21,6180.5
Serb nationSerbs11,4600.3
Slovenian nationPeople's Party54,0891.2
National Progressives
Pro-German Slovenians
Slovenian nationals
Social Democratic Party
Romanian nationRomanian national Party38,4080.8
Romanian national Democratic Party
Invalid/blank votes87,996
Registered voters/turnout5,767,06580.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


Grouping Seats +/-
German National Association100+49
Uniform Bohemian Club84New
Christian Social Union73-23
Poland Club70+15
German Social Democrats49-1
Croatian-Slovenian Club27New
Bohemian Social Democrats25+1
Latin Union21New
Dalmatian Club7New
Polish Social Democrats9+3
Ukrainian Association28+3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also

List of political parties in Austria


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p209


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