Virus classification
Group: Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
Genus: Cilevirus
Type Species
  • Citrus leprosis virus C

Cilevirus is a genus of viruses unassigned to a family or order. Plants serve as natural hosts. There is currently only one species in this genus: the type species Citrus leprosis virus C.[1][2]


Group: ssRNA(+)



This genus was created in 2006 by Locali-Fabris et al in 2006.[3]


Viruses in Cilevirus are non-enveloped, with bacilliform geometries. These viruses are about 50 nm wide and 150 nm long. Genomes are linear and segmented, bipartite, around 28.75kb in length.[1] The genome is bipartate with two segments of 8745 nucleotide (RNA 1) and 4986 nucleotides (RNA 2) in length. The 5' terminals of both segments have a cap structure and have poly adenosine tails in their 3'-terminals. RNA 1 contains two open reading frames (ORFs) which encode 286 and 29 kiloDalton (kDa) proteins. The 286 kDa protein is a polyprotein involved in virus replication and has four conserved domains: methyltransferase, protease, helicase and an RNA dependent RNA polymerase. RNA 2 encodes four ORFs which correspond to 15, 61, 32 and 24 kDa proteins. The 32 kDa protein is involved in cell to cell movement of the virus but the functions of the other proteins are unknown.

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic Arrangement Genomic Segmentation

Life Cycle

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is transmitted via a vector (mites of the genus brevipalpus). Transmission routes are vector.[1]

Genus Host Details Tissue Tropism Entry Details Release Details Replication Site Assembly Site Transmission
CilevirusPlantsNone Penetration Viral MovementCytoplasmCytoplasmVector


This virus causes Citrus leprosis disease and is transmitted by species of the Brevipalpus genus of mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). This disease is endemic in Brazil and has recently spread to Central America. Its spread there represents a threat to citrus industry in the United States.


  1. 1 2 3 "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  2. 1 2 ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  3. Locali-Fabris EC, Freitas-Astúa J, Souza AA, Takita MA, Astúa-Monge G, Antonioli-Luizon R, Rodrigues V, Targon ML, Machado MA (2006) Complete nucleotide sequence, genomic organization and phylogenetic analysis of Citrus leprosis virus cytoplasmic type. J Gen Virol 87(9):2721-2729

External links

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